Assorted because of Historical places of Afghanistan, this landlocked nation has some wonderful cities to visit, loaded with noteworthy landmarks of social significance. Afghanistan is a nation in South Asia covering a region of almost 652,230 square kilometers, lodging a populace of more than 32,564,342 individuals as per the year of 2015 figures, so in this article, we will cover up the monuments of Afganistan which are worth visiting. Afghanistan is a historically mixed nation, at the intersection of different cultures and peoples, from the Silk Road to the Soviet intrusion. From Jalalabad in the east part of Balkh in the northern part, here are Afghanistan’s most visited monuments in Afghanistan.
In this article, we are going to explore the most visited monuments in Afghanistan and also tell you top historical monuments in Afghanistan:
Afghanistan Monuments List
1. Shrine of Hazrat Ali or Blue Mosque
The Blue Mosque is situated in the heart of Afghanistan, Mazar-i-Sharif. It is the historical monuments of Afghanistan. The sultan of the Seljuq dynasty Ahmed Sanjar built the first known shrine at this location. Later it was destroyed during the invasion of Genghis Khan in 1220. Sultan Husayn Bayqarah Mirza built the current Blue Mosque here. It is by far the most important landmark in Mazar-i-Sharif and it is believed that the name of the city, Noble Shrine, Grave of Hazrat-i-Ali originates from this shrine. According to locals, it is said that Ali had been buried here who reportedly was brought here by a white camel in order to save his remains from the desecration by his enemies.
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2. Dar-ul-Aman Palace
Dar-ul-Aman Palace, monuments in Afghanistan sits in ruins outside Kabul, Afghanistan, a crumbling symbol of what was once supposed to be the modern future of the country. It is also known as the dwelling-place of peace. Between 1919 and 1929, the ruler of Afghanistan, Amanullah Khan ordered the construction of the impressive structure, intending the palace to be the centerpiece of a new capital city in the country. The city was to be a gleaming, European-style settlement, rising up from the plains with the palace as the crown jewel. The city was never built and the palace never came into its own, needless to say.
3. Citadel of Herat
The Citadel of Herat is located in the center of Herat in Afghanistan. It dates back to 330 BC when Alexander the Great and his army arrived in what is now Afghanistan after the Battle of Gaugamela. Many empires have used it as a headquarters in the last 2,000 years and were destroyed and rebuilt many times over the centuries. It is also known as the Citadel of Alexander but and locally known as Qala Iktyaruddin and popular monuments in Afghanistan. This historic monument of Afghanistan citadel was saved from demolition in the 1950s and was restored and excavated by UNESCO between 1976 and 1979. The citadel began to crumble but in recent years several international organizations decided to completely rebuild it, From decades of wars and neglect. The National Museum of Herat is also housed inside the citadel, while the Afghan Ministry of Information and Culture is the caretaker of the whole premises.
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4. Bagh-e Babur Garden
The Bagh-e Babur garden is the final resting place of the first Mughal Emperor Babur. But present-day Afghanistan was not Babur’s original homeland because he was born in Ferghana in now in Uzbekistan. It is said that Babur desired to be buried here. But when Babur died in 1530 he was initially buried in Agra against his wishes. Between 1539 and 1544 Sher Shah Suri, a rival of Babur’s son Humayun fulfilled his wishes and interred him at Babur’s Garden, historical monuments in Afghanistan. the line “If there is a paradise on earth, it is this, it is this, it is this” is on headstone placed on his grave . On a hillside in southwest Kabul, the garden was laid out as a series of 15 stepped terraces and its axis points toward Mecca.
5. Minaret of Jam
The Minaret of Jam is the second tallest ancient minaret in the world, after the Qutb Minar in Delhi, at 206 feet. Patterns of pentagons, hexagons, diamonds, and a Kufic inscription in turquoise tiles the tower is covered in elaborate designs. The Minaret of Jam feature of Islamic architecture used to provide a vantage point for the call to prayer. At the confluence of the Jam Rud and Hari Rud rivers, located in the Ghur province of central Afghanistan. Sultan Ghiyath al-Din Muhammad built this amazing beautiful minaret in 1194. Minaret of Jam is composed of four cylindrical shafts made of fired bricks. The result is an impressive structure, rearing out of an otherwise desolate valley, made all the more intriguing to archaeologists by the fact that the city that must once have surrounded it is now buried.
6. Shah-Do Shamshira Mosque
The Shah-Do Shamshira Mosque considered in Afghanistan famous buildings and it is located in downtown Kabul along the edge of the Kabul River. It was built in the 1920s by Amanullah Khan who ruled Afghanistan from 1919 to 1929 and attempted to introduce a number of modern reforms to Afghanistan. It is also known as the Mosque of the King of Two Swords. It features multiple levels and facades designed in Italian baroque style, in an unusual design for a mosque.
7. Kabul Museum
If you want to learn Afghanistan history come to the Kabul Museum exhibits, ranging from Hellenistic gold coins to Buddhist statuary and Islamic bronzes testified to Afghanistan’s location at the crossroads of Asia. After years of abuse during the civil war, help from the international community and the peerless dedication of its staff means the museum is slowly rising from the ashes. It was once one of the greatest museums in the world, read about the Famous Monuments in Indonesia. The museum opened in 1919 and was almost entirely stocked with items excavated in Afghanistan. Many of the most valuable pieces were moved into secure storage, but the majority of exhibits remained in situ, as the fall of communist Kabul became apparent with the Soviet withdrawal. But unfortunately, the museum quickly found itself on the frontline of the mujaheddin’s terrible fight for Kabul.
8. Great Mosque of Herat
The Great Mosque of Herat, also known as the Jama Masjid of Herat, is an impressive mosque that is located in the city of Herat in the north-west part of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. It is considered in most famous historical places in Afghanistan. Sultan Ghayas-ud-Din Ghori who led the foundation of this interesting structure at 1200. The mosque was expanded and the structure was updated to cope with the change in design and other facilities were added as time passed and the rulers changed. , With the Safavids, Mughals and the Uzbek leaving their footprints on the mosque the official completion of the mosque is considered to be in 1446. As it has the traditional Islamic design, recognizable for Central Asia, there are 8 minarets, and it is considered by some people to be the first mosque in the city of Herat where Friday congregation was held.
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9. Pul-e Khishti Mosque, Kabul
Pul-e Khishti Mosque is located in the old downtown area of the city. It is counts in top historical monuments in Afghanistan. It was built at the end of the 18th century and the largest mosque in Kabul. It has been restored and renovated several times. Pul-e-Khishti Mosque is easily identified by its large blue dome which appears like a sky. The design of the mosque is a mix of international modern style with accents of traditional Afghan tiling.
10. National Gallery
The National Gallery is part of the national museum of Afghanistan that contains historic paintings and a mix of pictures by modern Afghan artists. It didn’t escape the Taliban’s zealous attentions, like Kabul’s other cultural institutions, as the cabinet displaying ripped up watercolor portraits attests. Knowing the Taliban’s juncture against images of living things, many of the exhibits were over-painted with watercolors, hiding a horse behind a tree, or turning a person into a mountain view. When the zealots came with their knives over 120 paintings were saved from destruction in this way.
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