With regard to famous monuments, Canada has a lot to choose from. Because this is a large and diverse nation, there are numerous monuments in Canada. Ten million sq km area makes Canada a vast country and the second biggest in the world but also the coldest according to average temperatures. It is found in the northern part of North America, and like America extends in the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean and it is surrounded by the Arctic Ocean within the north. Diversity of Canada can be seen not just via ethnicity, but additionally in political thought and regional cultures. Here are the top monuments in Canada to see in our list:
List of Historical Monuments in Canada
1. Dundurn Castle, Hamilton, Ontario
Built-in 1830, experience a guided tour of this 40-room Italianate-style villa ’s on Burlington Heights. This beautiful monument in Canada used to be the former site of a fortified military encampment established by the British in 1813. Sir Allan Napier MacNab who was famous railway magnate, lawyer and Premier of the United Canadas (1854-1856) and his family used to live here and today Dundurn Castle tells the story of the family who lived above stairs and to support their affluent lifestyle, the servants who lived and worked below stairs. Explore the lovingly restored two-acre Historic Kitchen Garden where costumed staff grows over 200 heirloom varieties of fruits, vegetables, herbs, and flowers for use in the historic kitchen. Open mid-May through mid-October. Enjoy free garden tours in July and August. The 1870’s Coach House is home to The Castle Shop featuring a variety of souvenirs, special gifts and Canadian handmade crafts. The former Hayloft on the upper level is a unique meeting and reception facility that can accommodate up to 120 guests. The Hamilton Military Museum is free with admission to Dundurn Castle.
Address: Dundurn Castle, Hamilton, Ontario.
2. Rideau Canal, Ottawa, Ontario
Including visitors from around the world, nearly one million people experience the Rideau Canal Skateway each year. The lengths of this Skateway are around 4.8 miles and total are scattered in 165,621 square meters. That’s bigger than 105 National Hockey League rinks or more than 90 Olympic-sized hockey rinks! Locals use the Skateway is a fun way to exercise, as an activity with family and friends, and to commute to school or work. During the popular Winterlude festival, the Skateway also hosts special programming which takes place during the first three weekends of February each year. Exploring this historical monument in Canada is free and accessible 7 days a week, 24 hours a day when the Skateway is open according to the weather condition. There’s nothing more romantic on a wintry evening than gliding with a loved one on this magical skating rink. Anyone can experience the Skateway thanks to its accessible facilities like access ramps, heated change rooms and washrooms. People who don’t want to skate can walk or shuffle along the edges of the Skateway, or on the pathways above the canal. You can rent a pair (as well as helmets and other accessories) on the Skateway if you don’t have your own skates because Rentals are available.
Address: Rideau Canal, Ottawa, Ontario
3. Fairmont Banff Springs Hotel, Banff, Alberta
From its inception, the Fairmont Banff Springs has been a shining example of Canadian hospitality. The General Manager of the Canadian Pacific Railway, William Cornelius Van Horne recognized the tourism potential of the Canadian west and believed that traffic on the Canadian Pacific Railway needed to be increased. He decided to build a succession of lavish luxury resort hotels along the rail line through the Selkirk and Rocky Mountains to accomplish this. Situated at the convergence of the Bow and Spray rivers, Horne commissioned blueprints for this iconic monument in Canada. Construction of the hotel began in 1887. The Fairmont Banff Springs opened to the public in 1888. It quickly became one of the top three mountain resort getaways in North America. From 1900 to the 1920s, several adjustments were made in order to update the hotel and its offerings to keep its longstanding status. But a fire destroyed the original wooden hotel in 1926. Instead of seeing it as a setback, the hotel was rebuilt larger and better, with the current façade it displays today. Even though most people suffered tremendous financial loss in the 1920s due to the Great Depression, the Fairmont Banff Springs survived. People decided to live life to the fullest, continuing to visit and vacation at the hotel despite the uncertain future. World War II was not so easy on the hotel. Travel restrictions were placed on North Americans and Europeans, forcing the hotel to close its doors in 1942. It would not reopen until the war ended in 1945.
Address: Fairmont Banff Springs Hotel, Banff, Alberta, Canada.
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4. Fisgard Lighthouse, Colwood, English Columbia
Fisgard Lighthouse is one of the national monuments in Canada. There hasn’t been a keeper here since the light was automated in 1929, but every year many thousands of visitors step inside a real 19th-century lighthouse and capture some of the feelings of ships wrecked and lives saved. In 1860, built by the British when Vancouver Island was not yet part of Canada, and at the entrance to Esquimalt Harbour Fisgard’s red brick house and white tower stood faithfully. Today Fisgard still marks home base for the Royal Canadian Navy but once a beacon for the British Royal Navy’s Pacific Squadron. Inside the building, there are two floors of exhibits, dealing with storms, far-flung lights, shipwrecks and the everyday working equipment of the light keeper a century ago. Especially with the scenic backdrop of the Olympic Mountains in neighboring Washington state, the waterfront sites at Fort Rodd Hill and Fisgard Lighthouse are extremely photogenic. Several nations can often be seen at close range from this national lighthouse of Canada.
Address: 603 Fort Rodd Hill Road, Victoria, B.C. V9C 2W8, Canada
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5. Hartland Covered Bridge, Hartland, New Brunswick
Not their claustrophobic length, but covered wooden bridges are generally known for their quaint beauty. New Brunswick’s Hartland Bridge is considered as one of the world’s longest covered bridges. The long bridge was built in 1901 to cross the St. John River. People before it’s the construction used to cross the river by boats. The entire span of this popular monument in Canada was built out of wood and was not covered in the beginning. However, after ice destroyed some of its pylons, they were replaced with concrete, and the bridge was given its signature covering in the 1920s. The now-covered bridge became an instant world record holder at 1,282 feet in length. However, not everyone thought it was a great idea. When the covering was proposed, a number of locals were against the idea, worrying that it would cause the youth of the community to become sex-crazed deviants by providing them with a place to privately carry out their hormonal fantasies. Some even gave sermons to stop the covering. But the opposition ultimately lost, and the cover went on. Today, there is also a pedestrian walkway that runs along one side of the bridge so that admirers can take a leisurely stroll over the river. The road through the covered span is only one lane, so cars must wait while others pass, but that just means all the more time to appreciate this long, lusty, rustic bridge.
Address: Hartland Covered Bridge, Hartland, New Brunswick, Canada.
6. The world’s largest axe, Nackawic, New Brunswick
Weighing over 55 tons, the World’s Largest Axe is located in Nackawic and stands 15 meters (49 ft) tall. The concrete stump is 33 ft in diameter and the ax-head is 23 ft wide. It was commissioned, designed and built-in 1991 by a company in Woodstock. On the head of the World’s Largest Axe, there is a time capsule embedded. This famous monument in Canada symbolizes the importance of the forest industry, past, present and future, to the Province of New Brunswick and the Town of Nackawic. In 1991, the Axe was built to commemorate the selection of Nackawic as Forestry Capital of Canada. The Axe serves as a symbol of its people and community whose hard work and investments have driven the economy of the Nackawic area for decades. The planned Nackawic waterfront development initiative will serve to magnify the woodland heritage of the region and will introduce new products, services and experiences.
Address: The world’s largest axe, Nackawic, New Brunswick, Canada
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7. CN Tower
The CN Tower is one of the tallest structures in the world and situated in Canada’s biggest city of Toronto stands at 553 meters high. With an antenna that reaches 548 meters, the CN Tower is a communication tower. This must-see monument in Canada is popular for its “Edge Walk” where adventure seekers walk around the circumference of the roof, 356 meters above the ground. If you are brave enough once you have completed your walk, treat yourself to something to eat at the CN Tower’s restaurant, you definitely deserve it! Offers spectacular views of the city, has a wonderful restaurant that rotates 360 degrees while you enjoy a great meal and for those that like adventure you can complete the edge walk! There are no better views of the city than outside on top of the tower, the edge walk allows you to walk around the perimeter of the top of the tower.
Address: 290 Bremner Blvd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
8. Niagara Falls
Niagara Falls is among the most famous waterfalls in the world. It might not be the largest, nor the tallest but her splendor has yet to fail in attracting and amazing inspired artists and impassioned lovers throughout the globe. Day or night, you won’t have the ability to tear yourself away from this wondrous spectacle; great bands water plummet over the edge and make up a resonating roar down below. Even in winter, once the flow is partially hidden and also the edges freeze solid, this natural monument in Canada reminds us precisely how amazing our natural world is.
Address: Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada.
9. Parliament Hill
Parliament Hill around the banks of the Ottawa River in Ottawa is where Canada was created and stays the home of its Parliament buildings. Parliament Hill is comprised of the Centre Block, the Gothic Revival home of the home of Senate and House of Commons; the Library of Parliament, which opened in 1876 and was modeled following a room in the British Museum; and also the Peace Tower, a clock tower built like a memorial following World War I. Guided tours can be found at this old monument in Canada.
Address: Wellington St, Ottawa, ON K1A 0A9, Canada.
10. Capilano Suspension Bridge
Capilano Suspension Bridge is not really a suitable tourist attraction for that faint-hearted, yet millions have crossed it by walking with various levels of trepidation. This important monument in Canada originally constructed in 1889 from hemp rope and cedar planks, the dwelling has since been substituted with steel and concrete but continues to be a remarkable work of engineering that stretches 450 feet across and 230 feet over the Capilano River in Vancouver.
Address: Capilano Rd, North Vancouver, BC, Canada.
The traditional meaning of the inuksuk is “Somebody was here” or “You are on the correct path.” The inuksuk may have been used for the route, as a point of reference, a marker for chasing grounds, as a food cache. So far we have discussed the best monuments in Canada, which contains the proper information regarding all the top monuments in Canada. Hope you might have loved reading this article and if you love to know more about Canada then kindly head to our other articles as well which will help you to get knowledge about Canada.