Monuments of India has a special place in the world forum. This country has the most famous historical sites in India. The country is so rich and diverse and has some excellent specimens of history in the form of monuments. These monuments are either the interest of the Indian kings or the result of a long period of invasions and countrymen in building structures that can be remembered for long. We know how hard it is to search for all those places that you must visit in India in order to understand Indian history better, which is why we thought to make a list on your behalf.
Monuments List in India
1. Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal is undoubtedly the face of India and most visited monuments in India. Built-in white marble, this architectural masterpiece is also enlisted in the Seven Wonders of the World. From world leaders to movie stars from eminent writers to business moguls everybody has Taj Mahal in their bucket list of places to see in the world. Taj Mahal has remained an important historical monument for India completed in 1648.
2. India Gate
India Gate, famous monuments in India is undoubtedly one of the most recognizable structures of the country. Often referred to as the replica of Arc de Triomphe in Paris, this majestic monument is dedicated to those 70,000 soldiers who lost their lives during World War I. Completed in 1931; India Gate stands 42m tall in height with the name of the Indian martyrs carved on it. The Amar Jawan Jyoti is a much later addition to the structure, which was created after 1971’s Indo-Pak war. Now, India Gate is amongst the most famous monuments in Delhi and India.
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3. Gateway of India
Built to commemorate the royal visit of King George V, Gateway of India has stayed an inseparable historic symbol for the city of Mumbai and the country. It is a top historical monument in India. This audacious arch that symbolizes colonial triumph is now amongst the popular tourist places to visit in Mumbai. Gateway of India was completed in 1924 and done in Islamic styles of 16th-century Gujarat architecture, this piece of art was also the witness to India’s march towards independence and the mishap of 26/11.
4. Hawa Mahal
This Palace of Winds aka Hawa Mahal is a prominent landmark of Pink City, Jaipur Rajashtan. Hawa Mahal, historic sites in India is a five-story pyramidal building, stands 15m tall and overlooks the busy streets of the city. The monument was built Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh to offer convenience to women to see the outside world without having to be seen by the other, It is an example of the Purdah System that was prevalent at that time, inspired by Islamic Arab Culture, tour major cities in India. From the top of the palace, you can enjoy the stunning views of Jantar Mantar, City Palace, and Sireh Deori Bazaar It is also considered in monuments of north india.
5. Red Fort
The Red Fort, important historical landmarks in India also known as Lal Quila, was the residence or home of the Mughal emperors of India for nearly 200 years till 1857. It is located in Delhi and houses a number of museums. In addition to being the accommodation of the emperors and their households, it was the political center of the Mughal government and the setting for events impacting the region. The Red Fort is known for its massive enclosing walls of red, constructed in 1648 by the fifth Mughal King Shah Jahan, grandson of Akbar the Great and son of Jahangir as the palace of his fortified capital Shahjahanabad.
6. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus or the Victoria Terminus
The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus also known as Victoria Terminus in Mumbai is the best example of British Revival architecture in India. The structure of this terminus is a melange of British architecture and Indian traditions. It was designed by the British architect F. W. Stevens. The terminus made Mumbai the symbol of the major international mercantile port of India and ‘Gothic City’. The terminal was built in 1878 and is adorned with a stone dome, turrets, pointed arches, and eccentric ground plan.
Charminar, a 16th-century monument in Hyderabad has been the clear winner of being one of the most famous landmarks in India. Charminar counted in monuments of south India. Charminar looks absolutely stunning when lit in the evening, standing tall in the Old Hyderabad. There are winding 149 steps that lead to the top of the building from where the view is spectacular. Charminar is indeed a gift to the City of Nizams by Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah.
8. Agra Fort
As one approach towards Taj Mahal, en route, the red sandstone fortifying wall shall draw your attention. Agra Fort, popular Monuments of India built by the great Mughal emperor Akbar, who ruled almost entire India for long period. Agra Fort is the second most popular monument in Agra. It was during the time of Shah Jahan that this fort was converted to a palace and later in the reign of Aurangzeb the fort turned into a gilded prison. The fort is like the city inside a city and has some fine architectural specimens to observe. This fort is said to be the symbol of power, strength, and resilience. Agra Fort boasts of a rich historic period and uncountable events that are important in Indian history, standing in its full glory.
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9. Victoria Memorial
Clearly the most famous building in Kolkata, Victoria Memorial, historical monuments of the world is situated on the bank of Hooghly River. Today this building is an acknowledged museum under the Ministry of Culture, built to commemorate Queen Victoria. This place holds a decent place in the history as well as the beauty of Kolkata and exhibiting an extensive collection of colonial-era remnants in it is even-handed done up halls.
10. City Palace Udaipur
City Palace, most famous historical sites in India is the reflection of excellent Rajput architecture and one of the most prominent buildings of Udaipur. City Palace sits on the bank of Lake Pichola overlooking the vista of the city, completed over a period of 400 years. The palace is a complex that 11 other palaces built inside it. If you want to experience Rajput’s taste of architecture, it is the perfect place to appreciate it. Each has a distinct taste which definitely sets this place class apart, from intricate designs to the choice of mirror and marble-work.
11. Ajanta and Ellora Caves
If you want to explore India’s most attention-grabbing places, Ajanta and Ellora Caves welcomes you. These caves are considered as cultural sites in India. Caves are the reflection of the lifestyle of early man in the country, dating back to 2nd century BC. These wall paintings and rock-cut caves boast rich sculptures. Ajanta Caves can mostly be referred to as the Buddhist caves whereas Ellora Caves can be called Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist caves. Ajanta and Ellora Caves are amongst one of the most well-preserved monuments in India.
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12. Bara Imambara
Bara Imambara, old monuments in India was built as a part of a relief project for a major famine, constructed by fourth Nawab of Awadh known as Asaf-ud-Daula, that took place in the year 1784. The Bara Imambara is one of the most famous monuments of Lucknow. Bara Imambara also called Asfi Imambara after the name of the Nawab of Lucknow. It is an important place of worship for Muslims. Muslims across the world come here every year to celebrate the religious festival of Muharram.
13. Qutub Minar
Qutub Minar, famous historic architecture is not only an important landmark of Delhi but it represents the rich architecture of India as well, built by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak. This 73m high tower was built by Aibak after the last Hindu ruler was defeated and is reckoned to be built to celebrate the beginning of the Mughal rule in India. At the foot of the tower is the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, believed to be the first mosque to be built in India. The main mosque comprises of an inner and outer courtyard, which is decorated with shafts and surrounded by pillars. Most of these shafts are from the Hindu temples, which were destroyed to construct the mosque is one of Delhi’s most famed antiques, the Iron Pillar.
14. Fatehpur Sikri Agra
This massive fort, monuments built by akbar is enlisted among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites and ranks among the top places visited in India. Situated at a short distance from the city of Agra in the state of Uttar Pradesh, Fatehpur Sikri is an excellent specimen of the Mughal dynasty. Offering a feel of the rich historical culture of medieval Mughal India, this fort was once the capital of the Mughal Empire built by Emperor Akbar from the period of 1571 to 1585 but later it was shifted to the city of Agra. There are several majestic buildings built by Akbar in Fatehpur Sikri.
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15. Golconda Fort, Hyderabad
Golconda fort is considered one of the biggest fortresses in India. Not only India this fort also considered in historical monuments of the world. It was built on a 400 ft. high hill, the fort has three lines of massive fortification walls one within the other and rising to a height of over 12 m. Initially it was a mud fort, later built-in 13th century by the Kakatiya dynasty. It got fortified in the 16th century under the Qutb Shahi dynasty and also a 7 km long outer wall made of granite was built. Golconda was also a major center for diamond trade in ancient times during the Qutb Shahi dynasty. It is said that from here that the biggest diamonds in the world came from including the Kohinoor, Darya-e-Noor, Regent ‘n Hope diamonds.
16. Jama Masjid, Old Delhi
This great mosque of Old Delhi and the largest in India. Jama Masjid has the capacity of holding 25,000 devotees. Jama Masjid is a fine example of mughal architecture features. The construction of the great Jama Masjid at Delhi has begun in 1644 and ended as the final architectural extravagance of Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan, the emperor who also built the Taj Mahal and the Red Fort. Jama Masjid, a decorative mosque has three great gates, two 40 m-high minarets and four towers constructed of white marble and strips of red sandstone.
17. Mahabodhi Temple, Bodh Gaya
The Mahabodhi Temple is one of the four holiest sites of Buddhist followers. This ancient historic sites of India related to the life of the Lord Buddha, particularly to his attainment of Enlightenment and sermons. Mahabodhi is the first temple that was built by Emperor Asoka in the 3rd century B.C. This entirely built by the brick temple is one of the earliest Buddhist temples. The temple is recognized by the colossal statue of Buddha seated in the earth-witness mudra, get the Vietnam Monuments list. The courtyard of the temple has many stupas and some of them are several hundred years old. The famed Bodhi Tree, where Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment is also found in the premises.
Nalanda, the ancient culture of India was built in the 5th century AD. It is an ancient learning site in India. The ruins of Nalanda, which is reckoned to be one of the world’s most ancient university lies here which is 62 km from Bodhgaya. Though the Buddha visited Nalanda several times during his lifetime, this famous center of Buddhist learning reached fame somewhere around 5th-12th centuries AD. Famous Chinese traveler Hieun Tsang is also believed to have stayed here in the 7th century AD. He is reckoned to have left a detailed description of the excellent education system and purity of monastic life practiced here.
19. Hampi, Karnataka
Hampi, UNESCO World Heritage Sites and ancient cultural in India is located near Hospet town in Karnataka. Hampi is vast stretch ancient remnant considered in one of its kind of place, read about the Famous Monuments in Indonesia. Hampi is dotted with 500 plus monuments such as beautiful temples, palaces, aquatic structures, ancient market streets, royal pavilions, bastions, royal platforms, and treasury buildings, surrounded by the boulder-strewn hills.
20. Sanchi Stupa, Madhya Pradesh
Sanchi has a treasure of Buddhist art and architecture and also considered in famous monuments of India and architecture. Dating back to the early third century BC to twelfth century AD, Mauryan period Sanchi is famous in the world for stupas, monolithic Ashokan pillar, temples, monasteries, and sculptures. Emperor Asoka laid the foundations of a religious center at Sanchi fascinated by the location of the hill and because of his Queen Devi was the daughter of a merchant of Vidisha. He kept the mortal remains of Buddha and erected the Great Stupa. Thereafter the period of redistribution of Buddha’s mortal remains in different Stupas came into practice.
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21. Lotus Temple, New Delhi
Lotus Temple, also known as Bahai Temple is the ideal example of modern architecture in India. The lotus-shaped temple is the holy center for the Bahai sect, however, a large number of tourists come to visit it every day. The temple has also been featured in several magazines and newspapers and been awarded many a time for its unique architecture. This sacred place composes of 27 free-standing petal-shaped marbles arranged in clusters of three to form nine sides. The nine doors of the Lotus Temple open to 40 meters tall center hall that is capable of holding up to 2,500 people.
22. Golden Temple, Amritsar
The rich history and gold gilded exterior are the highlights of the Golden Temple in Amritsar. This place has gained great importance in India’s tourism because Sikhs from all over the world come to pay obeisance at Golden Temple. Sikh Guru Arjan Sahib with help of Baba Budha Ji built this sacred Sikh shrine. Golden temple is done in Indo-Islamic architecture and famous historic architecture of India style. The lower level of the temple is adorned with motifs of flowers and animals like that of the Taj Mahal and the upper level is gilded with sheets of gold.
23. Konark Sun Temple, Odisha
Konark Sun Temple, ancient monuments in India dates back to a 13th-century AD. Believed to have been built by king Narasimhadeva I of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty, the temple is in the shape of a gigantic chariot with Khondalite rock wheels, pillars, and walls read about the Famous Monuments in Indonesia. Unfortunately, a major part of the structure is now in ruins but the majesty of this temple still remains unaffected. This traditional style of Kalinga architecture temple was originally built at the mouth of the river Chandrabhaga. Sun Temple built in the face of the east so that the first rays of the sun strike the principal entrance only.
24. Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi
The Rashtrapati Bhavan in India has multi-dimensional grandeur also known as The Raisina Hills. Rashtrapati Bhawan, famous monuments of India building having 34 rooms, has an architecture that is simply breathtaking. More than this, it is has marked its existence in the records for being the residence of the President of the largest democracy in the world. It is a fact that quite a few official residential premises of the Head of the State in the world will match the Rashtrapati Bhavan in terms of its size, vastness, and its magnificence.
So far we have discussed the famous monuments in India, which contains the proper information regarding all the top monuments in India. I hope you might have loved reading this article and if you love to know more about India then kindly head to our other articles as well which will help you to get knowledge about India.