Syria is definitely a novel place to be and a remarkable sight to see. With a trove of deep-rooted traditions and celebrated cultures, a visit to the monuments in Paramaribo departs from the humdrum sightseeing tours to bring you an enriching experience of scenic colonial buildings. Damascus in Syria’s capital city, the country’s most populous city, and the most important commercial center and continues to flourish more than ever. Surrender yourself to the infectious energy of the locals, coated in the beautiful tongue of the Dutch language, as you embark on this journey. Here is one of the top 10 monuments in Syria:
List of Monuments in Syria
1. Citadel of Salah Ed-Din
The Citadel of Salah Ed-Din is also known as Saladin Castle which is a partly-preserved fortress in Syria which is an interesting example of Crusader-era fortifications. This historical site in Syria is thought to have first been occupied by the Phoenicians and later by Alexander the Great. The current site became a Crusader stronghold until its capture by Saladin in 1188 and was built by the Byzantines. In 2006, the Citadel of Salah Ed-Din was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Address: Qal’at Salah ad Din, Syria
2. Krak des Chevaliers
During the 12th and 13th centuries, Krak des Chevaliers was the headquarters of the famous Knights Hospitalier and now is a stunning example of Crusader-era military architecture. It is an awe-inspiring example of medieval military architecture and perhaps the best-preserved example of a Crusader fortress in existence today. This popular monument in Syria stands atop a 650-meter high hill which dominated the route from Antioch to Beirut. The main enclosure of this building is surrounded by a man-made moat that was carved out of solid rock in a dramatic example of Crusade-era engineering. Krak des Chevaliers was used as a base for Mameluk expansion towards the end of the 13th Century captured by the Mameluke Sultan Baibars in 1271. This monument is situated close to the border with Lebanon provides a unique experience to those wishing to find out more about the Crusades. In 2006, Krak des Chevaliers has designated a World Heritage site.
Address: Krak des Chevaliers, Syria
Palmyra’s UNESCO-listed ruins are located in Syria and also was a thriving city of the ancient world which looks very impressive. Tadmor is the original name of this beautiful monument in Syria which is now the name of the neighboring modern town – along a busy trade route Palmyra was once a commercial hub. Particularly in the second and third centuries, most of the extensive ruins of Palmyra today date back to its time under Roman rule.
Address: Palmyra, Syria
4. Qatna Archaeological Park
Qatna Archaeological Park houses the ruins of what was the thriving ancient Mesopotamian city and now Qatna is located in Tell Mishrifeh in Syria. Qatna’s location on an important commercial and political crossroad connecting it to both the ancient Egyptians and the Mitanni empire allowed it to flourish also known to have first been occupied in the third millennium BC. Including the building of Qatna’s acropolis, this period heralded a great deal of construction. However, much of this historical landmark in Syria is still being excavated so is inaccessible to tourists. The Royal Palace is one significant part of Qatna Archaeological Park which is now open.
Address: Qatna Archaeological Park, Syria
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Apamea is an important monument in Syria which boasts a remarkable 1800 meters of dramatic Roman colonnades together with a range of other ruins. Built-in around the 4th century BC and said to have been one of the largest seleucid cities, Apamea flourished and thrived as a commercial hub. Today, Apamea is an incredible site and most of the remains are from the Roman period, but there are some fascinating finds from its time under the Seleucids including ruins of its defenses.
Address: Apamea, Syria
6. Dura Europos
Occupied by a series of civilizations, Dura Europos was a thriving ancient city in Eastern Syria and now represented by well-preserved ruins. Part of what made the archaeological discoveries at Dura Europos so impressive is its good state of preservation, but including frescos and wall paintings, their intricate and ornate decorations are highly recommended to see. Today, the impressive remains of this famous monument in Syria illustrate its cultural and historical diversity. This site is home to the ruins of one of the world’s oldest known synagogues in addition to Greco-Roman ruins including temples and what has been described as the earliest known church.
Address: Dura Europos, Syria
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7. Ancient Bosra
The ruins of ancient Bosra are among the most spectacular historic monuments in Syria. Along with a host of Nabatean, Roman, Byzantine, and early Muslim structures among the sites to see in Bosra is the incredible 2nd century AD Bosra Theatre. Today, a small city of Ancient Bosra still remains alongside a huge array of fascinating archaeological sites. The 2nd century AD Roman theatre is the chief among the ruins at Bosra. It would have originally held up to 15,000 people and was built under the Roman emperor Trajan. The theatre was converted into a citadel which helped to ensure its survival during the early Islamic period and explains the excellent state of preservation. This ancient site also contains the ruins of an ancient Roman circus, the outline of which can still be seen.
Address: Ancient Bosra, Bosra, Syria
So far we have discussed the best monuments in Syria, which contains the proper information regarding all the most visited monuments in Syria. I hope you might have loved reading this article and if you love to know more about Syria then kindly head to our other articles as well which will help you to get knowledge about.