Syria is one of the Western Asian countries bordering other Asian Countries including Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, Israel, & the Mediterranean Sea. The cities in Syria are worth visiting. The country is characterized by fertile plains, deserts, & mountains. Syria gained independence on October 25, 1945, becoming a founding member of the United Nations. Most of the Syrian population lives in the major cities in Syria mostly in the Euphrates River Valley between the coastal mountains and the desert. With over 4 million people living outside the country as refugees the country has a population of approximately 17 million people. Damascus is one of the biggest and most popular cities in Syria. Let’s take to have a look at that:
List of Cities in Syria
Aleppo is the capital city of Aleppo Governorate, Syrian’s most populous governorate. The population of 2,132,100 people makes Syria the largest city. It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited and main cities in Syria having been inhabited since the 6th millennium BC. The long history of Aleppo is attributed to its strategic trading location between modern Iraq and the Mediterranean Sea. With the inauguration of the Suez Canal in 1869Aleppo’s decline began which diverted trade to the sea. Aleppo is characterized by medieval architecture and rich cultural heritage which has been preserved from Ottoman rule. The Battle of Aleppo which began in 2012 and the Syrian Civil War, has caused massive destruction to the city. Aleppo is a major center of Arabic traditional and classical music including Tarab. The Aleppine cuisine consists of a wide range of dishes including kebab and dolma.
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Damascus is the capital and best cities to visit in Syria with a population of 1,414,913. It is also known as “City of Jasmine,” and it is located in South-western Syria embedded on the eastern foothill of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range. Damascus has been occupied since the second half of the seventh millennium but it gained its prominence when Aram-Damascus was founded by Ezron when he overthrew the city’s tribal governor. Damascus has been a significant trade community since its establishment. The city is additionally tourism with bottomless social riches. The chronicled destinations in the city go back to various times of history. It is additionally the basic structure in Syria with the most established and biggest university.
Emesa is located in Western Syria in the north of Damascus, and it is the capital of Homs Governorate. It is one of the famous cities in Syria. Homs was a major industrial center before the Syrian Civil War and it had a population of approximately 652,609 people in 2004. Historically the city was the capital of the Emasany dynasty and a center of worship for the sun god El-Gabal. During the Ottoman rule, Homs declined but regained its economic importance with the revival of the cotton industry. The city was the fortification of the resistance during the Syrian Civil War. A significant part of the city has been obliterated in the war with a few of its residents dead.
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Homs or Hims is one of the important cities in Syria and it is located at the prolific Orontes River (Naher al-Aassi, – Assi implies Rebel since the river runs northwards) Valley in the focal point of Syria, between Damascus (162 Km South) and Aleppo (193 Km north). It is extremely near the coast (Tartus, 96 Km West) and isn’t a long way from Hama (47 Km) toward the north and Palmyra (155 Km) toward the southeast. Homs is the main normal portal from the Mediterranean coast to the inside.
Latakia (Al ladhiqiyah) Is the fundamental ocean port of Syria on the Mediterranean. It is located on the low-lying Ra’s Ziyarah projection that tasks into the Mediterranean Sea. This top city in Syria was known as the Phoenicians as Ramitha and to the Greeks as Leuke Akte. Its present name is a debasement of Laodicea, for the mother of Seleucus II (third century BC). Latakia has held its significance since old occasions. As Latakia is the sea-gate to Syria, It is well-furnished with the settlement and is well-set as a base from which to discover the beachfront areas of the nation. There are beaches, mountains, archeological destinations and numerous relics of the Crusaders, all inside a couple of hours from one another.
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Tartus or Tartous with more than 160 000 peoples that makes it one of the most important cities in Syria after Latakia. It is situated on the Mediterranean coast inverse Arwad Island and It is around 90 km from Homs, 251 km from Damascus, 105 km from Hama, and 90 km from Latakia. Tartus has grown quickly over the ongoing years and has about lost its appeal as a little angling town. Attractions include the old city and a city divider that jelly the magnificence of the old city. The beaches and water are perfect, and the lodging is brilliant. There are numerous hotels and cafés in the zone.
7. As Suwayda
As Suwayda, Suwaida or Sweida is Located 128 Km southeast of Damascus in southwestern Syria, at the eastern edge of the Hawran (or Houran) locale in the lower regions of Al-Duruz Mountains, near the fringe with Jordan. It is counted in one of the best cities in Syria. Al-Suwayda’ is currently a neighborhood horticultural market place. It has remains of a third-century Roman temple and a fifth-century It is the capital of Muhafazat as Suwayda, one of Syria’s 14 governorates, circumscribing Jordan in the South. The residents of the city are principally Druze with a conspicuous Greek standard minority; it is additionally the seat of a Greek Orthodox diocesan. The number of peoples in the city was evaluated in 2002 to be 87,000.
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8. Deir Ez-Zor
Deir Ez-Zor or Dayr Az Zawr is the capital of the Deir Ez-Zor Governorate, 450 km from the capital, Damascus, 320 Km southeast of Aleppo and 206 Km from Palmyra. It has a population of 133,000 (1994 gauge). It is counted in one of the beautiful cities in Syria. It is a prosperous cultivating zone, with cows reproducing, grains and cotton crops. Since the revelation of light unrefined petroleum in the Syrian desert it has gotten inside for the nation’s oil extraction industry. It is additionally a minor community for the travel industry with numerous vacationer offices as conventional riverbank cafés up to 5-star lodgings, a center point for trans-desert travel and has an air terminal in Al-Jafra suburb.
9. Daraa or Dera
Daraa or Dera is a city found 100 km south of Damascus in southwestern Syria, close to the border with Jordan. It is the capital of Daraa Governorate. It is viewed as one of the most antiquated urban communities in Syria which is as yet joined to the customary old stories. The city of Daraa is a popular city in Syria going back to the Canaanites. It was referenced in Egyptian Hieroglyphic tablets at the hour of the Pharaoh Thutmose III somewhere in the range of 1490 and 1436 BC. It was referred to in those days as the city of Atharaa and was later referenced in the Old Testament as Idraai. Situated in the city itself there are a couple of remains like the caverns and antiquated abodes, the Roman Amphitheater, and the old Oumari mosque which is of some design essentialness, going back to the Umayyad and Ayyubid periods. The central matter of enthusiasm close to Daraa is the grand amphitheater at Bosra.
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Idlib or Idleb is a city in northwestern Syria and one of the most beautiful cities in Syria. It is located in a ripe bowl halfway among Aleppo and Latakia and is a significant material place and a business opportunity for one of Syria’s better agrarian regions. The main corps of this city are cotton, grains, olives, figs, grapes, tomatoes, sesame, and almonds. Neighborhood ventures include turning and olive-oil squeezing. Pop. (2003 est.) 116,080. The Idlib zone is generally huge, containing many “dead urban communities” and more than 190 man-made slopes called tells, the most celebrated of which is at Tell Mardikh, Ebla, when the capital of an extraordinary realm. The cuneiform tablets found at Ebla demonstrate that this region has been settled since the third thousand years BC.
All of the mentioned cities to visit in Syria and most visited cities in Syria are the top places to visit in Syria which are worth visiting. All of these cities are rich in culture, history and offer a lot to his visitors. I hope the post is beneficial to you kindly read our other blogs also if you want to know more about Syria.