Synopsis: A group of Lithuanian and Latvian scientists visited the Palanga beach to monitor the condition of the beach. Scientists employ a variety of methods, including drone imagery, to map plastics. Then, satellite photos are compared to this data.
A group of Lithuanian and Latvian scientists visited the Palanga beach to monitor the condition of the beach. They are doing a research on a project called ESMIC which aims at mapping the lands, accumulating data, analyzing, and bringing the solution for this problem. Water pollution is one of the major factor that many European countries are struggling with.
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The researchers are collecting plastics from beaches to observe the harmful bacterias that contaminate the water bodies. The ESMIC Project Manager said ”We found that three times more plastic items are there present in the beach wreck (algae) compared to the fresh or clean beach sand on the coastline.”
Scientists employ a variety of methods, including drone imagery, to map plastics. Then, satellite photos are compared to this data. This is how they assess which regions are most affected and how much plastic and algae may be useful to the local governments. The authorities in Latvia and Lithuania are also interested in it.
The remorse sensing expert and lead scientist of this project said “We are using three levels, three dimensions of the methods in situ like we are collecting it by hand, drones that can see smaller patches, and can be much more fast and operational, and the satellites that can take all the Baltic Sea.”
Researchers finish the investigation by analysing samples of plastics and microplastics found in algae and water in the labs at Klaipeda University. They are searching for vibrio, a kind of bacterium that may be harmful to people, particularly along this shoreline, also known as the Amber Coast. According to their findings, vibrio is present in 67% of cases.
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