Ireland is an island nation and also one of the two major British Isles off of the coast of Western Europe set in the North Atlantic Ocean. The top monuments in Ireland exist in this beautiful island country and all are worth visiting. With a metro population of approximately 1.9 million, Dublin is the capital city and largest of the Republic of Ireland. Here in this article, we have collected some of the important historical monuments in Ireland are discussed below.
List of Monuments in Ireland
1. Kylemore Abbey
With an exquisite chapel and reception rooms, visit Kylemore Abbey and it is a 19th century mansion. The oldest of the Irish Benedictine Abbeys, this Abbey is considered one of the most famous monuments in Ireland. Founded in 1920 on the grounds of Kylemore Castle in Connemara, it is a Benedictine monastery in County Galway, Ireland. For Benedictine Nuns, the abbey was founded and then these nuns fled Belgium in World War I. At Kylemore, the nuns established a day school for local girls and their international boarding school. Apart from the school, they also ran a farm and guesthouse and after a devastating fire in 1959 and the guesthouse was closed. A section of the Abbey (the enclosure) is not open to the public and is retained strictly for the nuns’ monastic life of prayer and work.
Address: Kylemore Abbey, Pollacappul, Connemara, Co. Galway, Ireland.
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2. Molly Gallivan
At Molly Gallivan, before the days of electricity and modern conveniences you will experience the simple lifestyle in rural Ireland. Molly’s farm is complete with animals, fowl and traditional farm machinery and her enchanting cottage is over 200 years old. Originally a single story thatched cottage, part of which still remains, it was extended, raised and slated in the early 1900s. There has been little change since then and this popular monument in Ireland remains as it is today until 1997 was home to one of Molly’s descendants. The large open hearth was the only energy source providing hot water, where the fire rarely helps in the cooking facilities.
Address: Raleigh Bonane, Kenmare, Co. Kerry, Ireland
3. Alnwick Castle
Alnwick Castle is a medieval castle and it is the second largest inhabited castle in England also known as the Windsor of the North. After the Norman conquest, the castle was first erected in 1096 but has since been remodelled and renovated a number of times. The Duke of Northumberland and his family, the Percy’s, live in a part of the castle with the remainder being open to the public in the summer months. The castle has been the location for all kinds of films productions and television programmes – most famously taking the starring role of Hogwarts in the first two Harry Potter films. It was also used by Robin Hood, prince of Thieves and this most ancient monument in Ireland houses luxurious Staterooms and each of it is filled with art collections, priceless furniture, and porcelain.
Address: Alnwick Castle Greenwell Lane, Alnwick NE66 1NQ England.
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4. Ballintubber Abbey
Two kilometres northeast of the village of Ballintubber, Ballintubber Abbey is situated near County Mayo in Ireland. Ballintubber Abbey is a sacred historical monument in Ireland founded in 1216 by Cathal Crovderg O’Connor. This important historical site will celebrate its 800 year anniversary in 2016. St Patrick founded a church at Ballintubber when he brought Christianity to Ireland in c.441AD and in 1216 by King Cathal O’Connor, the present Abbey was founded. Still in daily use, it is the only church in Ireland that was founded by an Irish king. Known as “the Abbey that refused to die ” visit Ballintubber Abbey through its many vicissitudes, in 1653 including burning by Cromwell’s army, the Abbey has remained a place of worship despite religious repression and years of continuous attacks.
Address: Ballintubber, Claremorris, Co. Mayo, F12 W584, Ireland.
5. Battle of the Boyne Centre
On 1st July 1690, over 300 years ago, the Battle of the Boyne was fought at the river Boyne in County Meath on the east coast of Ireland. Between King William III and his father-in-law, King James II, the battle was fought. On the Williamite side were 36,000 men and the Jacobite had 25,000 strong Army, they were commanding their own armies. For the British Throne, French dominance and power in Ireland in Europe, they were fighting. This war centre now is one of the oldest monuments in Ireland and lots of tourists come here to be the witness of this historic war. Apparently between 1,500 – 2,000 people lost their lives, and the casualties were low for a battle of this size, King William III (William of Orange) defeated King James II. There were more wounded on the Williamite side. But most of those who lost their lives on the Jacobite side.
Address: Oldbridge House, Battle of the Boyne Visitor Centre, Drogheda, Co. Meath, Ireland
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6. Blarney Castle
Near Cork in Ireland, Blarney Castle is a medieval stronghold located in Blarney and it is also near the River Martin. The castle was destroyed in 1446 and originally dates from before AD 1200 but subsequently rebuilt by the King of Munster, Cormac MacCarthy. With some accessible rooms and the battlements, it is currently a partial ruin. As to the origin of the stone, there are many legends lived here but some say that it was a magical stone upon which Irish kings were crowned also known as Lia Fáil. Blarney about 8 km from Cork, Ireland and the Blarney Stone is a block of bluestone built into the battlements of Blarney Castle. Kissing the stone endows the kisser with the gift of gab (great eloquence or skill at flattery), according to legend. In 1446, the stone was set into a tower of the castle. The castle is the most popular monument in Ireland, to kiss the Stone and tour the castle and its gardens attracting visitors from all over the world.
Address: Monaca Pa, Blarney, Co. Cork, Ireland.
7. Borris House
Borris house is one of most important country houses in Ireland with views of the Blackstairs Mountains that are situated in South County Carlow on the River Barrow. This old monument in Ireland is also the seat of the McMorrough Kavanagh family, and the ancestors of this family have lived on the site since the fifteenth century. Still occupied by the family for whom it was built, it is one of the very few houses in Ireland containing a great deal of its original paintings, documentary archives, furniture and other artefacts. During their visit, visitors can also take a tour of Borris House.
Address: Main St, Knocknagin Darragh, Borris, Co. Carlow, Ireland
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8. Bunratty Castle
In County Clare of Ireland, Bunratty Castle is a large tower house. Near Shannon Town and its airport, it lies in the centre of Bunratty village by the N18 road between Limerick and Ennis. The meaning of the name Bunratty, Bun Raite in Irish, means the ‘bottom’ or end of the ‘Ratty’ river. This river flows into the nearby Shannon estuary alongside the castle. One can look over to the estuary and the airport from the top of the castle. This beautiful monument in Ireland is now a very popular tourist attraction with tapestries and artifacts from various eras in the castle’s history and the interior has been furnished by Lord Gort. Including the ‘great hall’, dungeons and four towers with spiral staircase, some of the sights are perfect for the tourists. For wedding parties from the closest main city of Limerick, the castle is also a popular attraction hoping to make their special day even better with the beautiful surroundings.
Address: Bunratty West, Bunratty, Co. Clare, Ireland.
9. Christ Church Cathedral
At the end of Dame Street, Christ Church Cathedral is located in the former heart of mediaeval Dublin next to Wood Quay. The other being St. Patrick’s Cathedral, Christ Church Cathedral in Dublin is the elder of the city’s two mediæval cathedrals. Since the Irish Reformation, this religious monument in Ireland has been the cathedral of only the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Dublin. Though nominally claimed as his cathedral, St Mary’s in Marlborough Street in Dublin, as his pro-cathedral (acting cathedral), the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Dublin uses a church elsewhere.
Address: Christchurch Pl, Wood Quay, Dublin 8, Ireland
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Formerly the fortified seat of British rule in Ireland until 1922, Dublin Castle is situated in the Dame Street of the city of Dublin. Though a castle has stood on the site since the days of King John, the first Lord of Ireland and most of the complex of this castle dates from the 18th century. Under the Lordship of Ireland (1171–1541), this national monument of Ireland served as the seat of English and renowned it’s prestige. The complex was ceremonially handed over to the newly formed Provisional Government led by Michael Collins upon establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922. A number of roles through its history, Dublin Castle is fulfilled with it. Later evolved into a royal residence, resided in by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland or Viceroy of Ireland, the representative of the monarch, originally built as a defensive fortification for the Norman city of Dublin.
Address: Dame Street, Dublin, Ireland.
n style=”font-weight: 400;”>Of course, there are lots of other important cultural monuments in Ireland, and if we’ve missed any, be sure to share them in the comments below. In the meantime, you can also read about the future of tourism in Ireland.
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