Germany is a country with a great ancient past. The presence of these monuments of Germany will take you on a walk through the country’s rich history. A country of superior intellect and rich culture, Germany offers its travellers a well-rounded experience of beautiful architecture, a beautiful countryside, fun-filled festivals and the most brilliant, lip-smacking cuisine. Every time is a good time to visit – be it in Summer/ Spring when the country is blooming and shrouded in colour or Fall/Winter when everything is serene, calm and covered in snow. The air is infectious and always full of anticipation and festivities. If you are willing to have in-depth historical information about Germany, we recommend that you take a wonderful guided tour to cover the major historical attractions. Also, check the opening and closing time for each so that you can organize your time. Make sure that you go through the complete list of historical monuments in Germany for a great trip:
List of Historical Sites in Germany
1. Berlin Wall Memorial and Documentation Centre
If there is one fragment of history almost everybody is acquainted with about Berlin, is the Berlin Wall. Stretching along Bernauer Strasse is this memorial to the hostile Berlin Wall. Though it has been completely demolished, this famous monument in Germany site has an original section of the wall, escape tunnels, vestiges of the border installations even today. The remnants along with the Documentation Centre provide an insight into factual data pertaining to the fortification and how it shaped the lives of the people on each side of it.
The Memorial is a must-see if you are into history. You can walk around and check out the wall which is still in its original location. Climb up to the penultimate level of the observation platform (no need to go up to the very top to see what’s going on and to take pictures) next to the museum and you will be able to see the wall and the area between the walls you would have to cross if you wanted to get into West Berlin. There is a guard tower where you can get an idea of how the East German authorities kept an eye on the wall and prevented many from getting into West Berlin with life. The museum has tons of interesting information on the wall.
Address: Berlin Wall Memorial and Documentation Centre, Bernauer Str. 119, 13355 Berlin, Germany.
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2. Deutsches Museum
The Deutsches Museum is one of the most important museums of science and technology and also one of the most frequented one. The genre of the collections here knows no bounds, including objects from the caves of Altamira to the magnified human cell. Situated on an island on river Israr, the exhibits span eight floors, with a special section for children, Kinderreich. The floors of Deutsche Museum occupy the historic machinery, aircraft, vehicles and even a mine. The Centre for New Technology showcases interactive exhibitions on nanotechnology, biotechnology and robotics. Regarded as the Verkehrszentrum (Centre for Transportation) featuring different sorts of vehicles from four to two-wheelers and one of the most technically advanced in Europe, also part of the Museum is a planetarium. Even those with a distaste for science will truly be enthused within the four walls of this historic monument in Germany.
Address: Deutsches Museum, Museumsinsel 1, 80538 München, Germany.
3. Procession of Princess
On the outside of the Stallhof, on Schlossplatz Square, the Procession of Princess is located. The 101 meters long mural represents the history of the Wettins, Saxony’s ruling family, including a parade of 35 dukes and kings. Wilhelm Walter completed this work for the 800th anniversary of the house of Wettin, as sgraffito on the outside wall of Langer Gang. However, the work began to fade over the years due to weather conditions and thus, subsequently, it was transferred to Meissen porcelain tiles for preservation. The Procession covers the history of the Rulers of Saxony. The rulers often are posed with symbols of their names and their reigns are beneath their representations. The sheer size of the mosaic is impressive. The craftsmanship of this cultural monument in Germany is amazing, and I imagine that maintenance cannot be easy, as it is exposed to the elements.
Address: Augustusstrasse, 01067 Dresden, Saxony Germany
The Reichstag is the seat of the German Parliament, called the Bundestag. Since the German reunification in October 1990, the German Federal Parliament decided to make the Reichstag the seat of the Parliament in Berlin, a year later. This popular monument in Germany has been burnt, bombed and rebuilt, yet it remains Berlin’s most iconic monument. Its most striking feature, the glittering glass dome is accessible by lift for a magnificent 360-degree view of the city. Following warnings of terrorism in 2010, entry to the Reichstag is strictly regulated. You have to register your name and date of birth in advance to reserve a place in the guided tour. Make sure to carry some ID while visiting it.
Address: Reichstag, Platz der Republik 1, 11011 Berlin, Germany.
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Munich’s oldest Parish church, proven to be standing on the site of yet another church that existed even earlier than 1181. The Church of St. Peter is one of Munich’s landmarks, fondly called the Alter Peter (Old Peter) by the locals. In the Old Town on Petersberg hill, the interiors of this religious monument in Germany have some splendid Baroque and Rococo architecture on display. However, what is even more remarkable is separated by some 300 steps. If you brave the climb, you will have no regrets. A breathtaking view of the Old Town will be your reward and if the skies are clear, the mighty Alps will also show themselves to you.
Entry is only 3 euros (2 for students!) and well worth it for the fantastic view from the top. You can see the city and Marienplatz very close by. It is quite the climb up though on narrow stairs so be aware of that, but there are little platforms at each floor where you can stop for a rest if needed.
Address: Rindermarkt 1 Petersplatz, 80331 Munich, Bavaria Germany.
6. Residenzschloss (Royal Palace)
Dresden’s Royal Palace was the seat of multiple Saxon rulers and now showcases some very precious collections. The four-wing palace structure, destroyed by fire once, was reconstructed under Augustus the Strong. This beautiful monument in Germany was victim to destruction yet again during the Second World War and this time a lot of valuable interior furnishing was lost. After a restoration that continued over 20 years, the palace with its unique murals and baroque towers is truly spectacular. It houses the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden (Dresden State Art Collections). The TÙrckische Cammer (Turkish Chamber), Kupferstich-Kabinett (Collection of Prints, Drawings and Photographs) are all magnificent displays of art.
The Royal Palace and its largest collection of treasures in Europe and one of the largest armories in the world is one of the main sights of Dresden. The building itself is beautiful and is one of the architecture dominants of the city The museum collections are really exceptional. Famous Green Vault, the largest collection of the treasures in Europe, mainly the items of applied art of Saxon royal court, one of the world’s largest collections of ceremonial and historical textiles, battle weapons, and armor with Turkish Chamber, large numismatic collections and others. You will need more than 5 hours to see all the exposition.
Address: Schlossplatz 1 Taschenbergpalais 2, 01067 Dresden, Saxony Germany
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7. Brandenburg Tor or Brandenburg Gate
Between East and West Berlin, the Brandenburg Tor or the Brandenburg Gate that stood as a partition during the Cold War now symbolises the reunification of Germany. The Brandenburg Gate is one of the most important monuments in Germany and has stood witness to over two hundred years of history. It is modelled on the Propylaeum of Athens’ Acropolis. Made of sandstone, the structure reflects neoclassicism. The gate overlooks one of Europe’s most famous historic squares, the Pariser Platz, with the French Embassy and offices of the federal parliament. The Akademie der KÙnste or the Academy of Fine Arts stands on the southern side with the new American Embassy.
Address: Brandenburg Gate, Pariser Platz, 10117 Berlin, Germany.
8. Schloss Nymphenburg
This regal palace with its lavish gardens sprawl around 5km is located on the northwest of the Alstadt. The summer home of the royal Wittelsbach family, this important landmark in Germany is not to be missed while exploring the Bavarian city. With lavishly decorated interiors and sumptuous period rooms, this palace, though regarded as not the best form of Baroque architecture, is yet quite impressive. There are a number of attractions worth visiting here – the Nymphenburg Porcelain Manufactory, the Marstall Museum, two concert halls, the Museum of Mankind and Nature, the magnificent garden pavilions and the palace itself.
As you explore the ground floor and first floor of interiors of the palace, amidst antechambers and apartments, what is striking is the two Gallery of Beauties, one of Max EmanuelÍs and the other dedicated to Ludwig. One of the portraits here is of Irish Lola Montez, Ludwig’s alliance with her triggered the revolution of 1848. The second floor is closed for the public since the Duke of Bavaria still resides here. The Marstall museum in the Southern Wing of the palace is an insight into the history of horse-drawn vehicles.
The northern wing is not far behind, with the palace chapel, the concert hall and the Museum of Mankind. It is said that the ideal time to visit the Nymphenburg palace is during the summer months when the garden is in full bloom in vivid hues. Be sure to be devoting almost an entire day in exploring the several attractions in the palace complex or just spending leisure time in the park.
Address: Schloss Nymphenburg 1, 80638 Munich, Bavaria Germany.
The Museuminsel or Museum Island is a must-visit site located on the island where Berlin’s settlement began. The island is home to five lavish museums that boast of art, architecture, sculpture and artefacts spanning over 6000 years in history. The Altes Museum showcases collections of Greek, Etruscan and Roman origin. Meet queen Nefertiti with other Egyptian antiquities in the Neues Museum. The Bode Museum is acclaimed for Byzantine and European sculptures from the Renaissance to the Baroque period. The Alte Nationalgalerie resembles an ancient temple and has on display French impressionist art. Without a doubt, the Pergamon Museum is the show stealer and a UNESCO monument in Germany. Travelers across the world come here to see this Muesuminsel.
Address: Museuminsel or Museum Island, Berlin, Germany
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10. Olympia Park
The sight of the 1972 Olympics, the park still retains a variety of sports facilities, lakes, bicycle paths, concert venues and football grounds. Lying to the north of the city, you will be surprised that the Olympics was once held in such a petite venue. This place is more recreational rather than an attraction sight. Concerts, festivals, sports events beckon locals and tourists alike. The Olympic hill towers over the entire park and offers a panoramic view of the city with the Alps as a backdrop. A great place to unwind, detached from the museum and palace visits. Another tourist magnet around this popular landmark in Germany is the BMW Welt Museum, one of the world’s most attractive museums in the shape of the silver bowl. What lies inside is for you to discover!
Address: Spiridon-Louis-Ring 21, 80809 Munich, Bavaria Germany.
11. Charlottenburg Palace
With regality and splendour, Schloss Charlotten paints Berlin’s skyline and built as the summer palace for the first queen of Prussia, Sophie Charlotte, the Charlotten Palace takes its name after her. The subsequent generations of the royal family continued to expand and remodelled the palace to add to its grandeur. Hence from a small summer home, it transitioned into an icon of opulence. The interiors of this iconic landmark in Berlin have architectural styles representative of different eras. With alluring baroque rooms, the renowned porcelain cabinet and the new wing, the old palace has elements of French art.
You will be astounded by the grandeur of every chamber, banquet, the galleries and even the bathrooms. A stroll around the sprawling palace park is a must. As you walk through the canopied walkways and manicured lawns, you will come across the Belvedere with its own set of surprises inside and also the neoclassical Mausoleum where several royals lie in peace.
Address: Spandauer Damm 10-22, 14059 Berlin, Germany.
Berlin’s iconic TV Tower, also known as Berliner Fernsehturm, is part of the city’s old architecture just like most other historical attractions in the capital city. Occupying a prominent point in the Alexanderplatz, a large square in the Mittie region of Berlin, the tower is a magnificent and tall structure which can be seen from afar. With restaurants, a deck that provides a 360° view of the city and a lavish bar to perfectly end your week, the Fernsehturm, Berlin is one of the most visited tourist spots in Berlin. This important landmark in Germany is the tallest building in the city with a height of 368 metres. But initially, more than 50 years ago when the foundation of the building was laid, the decision of its height was uncertain and highly debated on.
After discussions within the government of the German Democratic Republic (GDR), it was brought to a conclusion by Walter Ulbricht that the tower would be of current height as it stands today making it a remarkable attraction. The TV tower was built 368 m high to become the colossal structure in Berlin thus instead of the pre-planned height of 130 metres and location of Müggelberge.
Address: Fernsehturm, Panoramastraße 1A, 10178 Berlin, Germany
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The church of our Lady is a magnificent example of baroque architecture. Built between 1726 and 1743, with the designs of George Bahr, the Frauenkirche stands as a symbol of Dresden. The ‘stone bell’, a term given to its characteristic dome was destroyed during the 1945 bombings. However, the monument was restored to its original grandeur by 2005. It is said that the original stones of the church were stored and used for reconstruction later. The Frauenkirche also represents international reconciliation. Today this ancient religious monument in Germany hosts concerts and musicals and is a revered pilgrimage site. An ascent to the top of the Dome promises a spectacular view of Neumarkt Square, the historical heart of the city.
Address: Georg-Treu-Platz 3 Eingang G der Frauenkirche, Dresden, Saxony Germany.
One of the most beautiful monuments in Berlin, the Gendarmenmarket is surrounded by the French Cathedral, German Cathedral and the Konzerthaus. Initially, when the square was built, French immigrants settled here. Called the Esplanade, Linde Market, New Market etc over the years, Gendarmenmarkt got its name from the guards and stables of the guards, gene d’armes, that were stationed here. The square stands for harmony, with the French as well as the German Cathedral. For the French Protestants (Huguenots) who fled to Berlin, the French Friedrichstadtkirche or Cathedral was built. The German Cathedral was built by Giovanni Si-monetti, emerging from a simple church. Both these buildings suffered damages during the war and were restored eventually. The Konzerthaus or the Concert Hall was built on the foundations of the National Theatre, in a Neo-Baroque style.
Address: Gendarmenmarkt, 10117 Berlin, Germany.
So far we have discussed the best monuments in Germany, which contains the proper information regarding all the top monuments in Germany. I hope you might have loved reading this article and if you love to know more about Germany then kindly head to our other articles as well which will help you to get knowledge about Germany.