Australia is not just a beautiful country with picturesque landscapes, unique wildlife, and sunny beaches. It is also home to some of the most beautiful monuments in the world. Some of the Australian monuments are considered to be the most beautiful architectural marvels with great historical significance, making them worth a visit. In 1901, Australia only became a nation, but the history of this ancient land stretches back much further than that. From millennia-old pieces of Indigenous art to more recent chapters of Australia’s colorful convict past, the wind backs the clock at these fascinating historic sites across the country. Make your trip more interesting by adding them to your itinerary. Here’s a list of historical monuments in Australia that you must keep handy while planning for your Australia vacation!
List of Historical Monuments in Australia
You would not imagine Uluru to be such a bustling centre for tourism, located in the dry Central Australian desert. And this breathtaking marvel of nature is definitely one worth a visit! Uluru – Kata Tjuta National Park is a paradise for the lover of outdoors. With an absolute plethora of bush walk trails, spectacular scenery, heritage and culture, and the inescapable wildlife, you will find yourself immersed in the superb atmosphere of the place. The two rock formations – one a massive monolith, and the other a collection of huge dome-shaped rocks – have plenty of beauty on offer. And in the same breath one just has to advise you to witness the sunrise and sunset over the rocks. View the region atop a camel, or better yet from the skies! Rent an airplane or a helicopter, all for you to absorb the fantastic panoramic views of the Australian desert, with the imposing rocks making a hefty appearance.
For the more ‘hands-on’ individuals, you will be totally blown away by the variety of bush walks on offer, each highlighting a different aspect and story from the aboriginal Anangu culture. Then head over to the Ayers Rock Resort, relax, and sit down for a fulfilling meal. The trip to this important landmark in Australia is a great way to enjoy the untouched and raw beauty of the Earth that is nowadays hard to find!
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2. Sydney Show House
A marvel and feat of great engineering and architecture, the Sydney Opera house is, in fact, one of the most distinct 20th-century buildings in the world. Synonymous with Australia, the Opera House is located on the eastern headland of Circular Quay and is renowned throughout the world for its path-breaking design. The striking architecture of this beautiful monument in Australia has also found it a place in the UNESCO’s List of World Heritage Sites. The Sydney Opera House offers a variety of cultural performances, tours and dining options. Sydney Symphony Orchestra, Sydney Theatre Company, The Australian Ballet and Opera Australia have regular performances over here, with up to 1500 taking place every year.
You can choose to explore the iconic attraction on your own or can opt for one of the guided tours (some of which may even take you to the backstage). The duration of these tours is 1-2 hours, approximately. Opening timing is from 9 am to 5 pm (Closed on Good Friday and Christmas) and the entrance fee is $35 (Prices may vary depending on the scheduled performances).
Address: Sydney Opera House Store, Lower Concourse, Sydney Opera House, Circular Quay, Sydney.
3. State War Memorial
This State War Memorial is dedicated to all Australians who served in the country at the time of war. Hall of Memory, Well of Contemplation, Hall of Silence and the Flame Room are some highlights of the memorial. ANZAC War Memorial is also an architectural masterpiece and is adorned with various sculptures and carvings both on inside and outside. ‘Sacrifice’, Rayner Hoff’s bronze sculpture of a soldier, is one of the main attractions here. The opening and closing time of this popular monument in Australia is 9 am to 5 pm daily. The Memorial now contains a very interesting Military Museum and has recently been upgraded. Well worth spending an hour or so of your time when sightseeing in the middle of the city.
Address: Hyde Park/Elizabeth St, Sydney NSW 2000, Australia.
4. Sydney Harbor Bridge
The Sydney Harbour Bridge is an iconic landmark of the city that connects the North Shore Sydney with the CBD. Built-in 1932, the combination of the bridge, the Sydney Harbour and the Sydney Opera House has become the most popular portrait of Sydney. This iconic monument in Australia is the tallest steel arch bridge in the world. The Sydney Harbour Bridge, before the Sydney Opera House came into existence, was the city’s foremost landmark. At a length of 1,149 metres, it is the world’s sixth-longest arch bridge. The arch bridge shape of this heritage-listed monument has earned it the nickname ‘Coat Hanger’. It is one of the most photographed landmarks of the city, but the beautiful views captured from the bridge, specifically the top, make it worth the visit. Along with holding one of the widest roads of the bridges of the world, the Sydney Harbour Bridge also holds a railway line and a pedestrian walkway. However, the most popular activity at the bridge is the Sydney Harbour Bridge Climb, where you climb up the southern half of the bridge to a height of 134 metres, sure to give you an amazing 360 view of the most happening part of Sydney. You can also visit the bridge’s other tourist attractions found at the Southeast Pylon. Whether you want to explore Aboriginal culture, the history of the bridge or just enjoy a magical view from the numerous vantage points of this massive bridge.
Address: Sydney Harbour Bridge, Sydney NSW, Australia
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5. Mrs Macquarie’s Chair
Mrs Macquarie’s Chair is, without doubt, one of the best vantage points in the city. It is a major point of interest for both tourists and locals. This historic monument in Australia was cut out of a sandstone rock for Governor Lachlan Macquarie’s wife to enjoy panoramic views of the Harbor. It is situated right next to the Royal Botanic Gardens at Mrs Macquarie’s Point and offers magnificent views of the Sydney Harbour and the coast. Most of the tourists visit this place during a trip to the Opera house because it is not so far from it.
Address: The Royal Botanic Garden/Mrs Macquaries Rd, Sydney NSW 2000, Australia.
6. National Gallery of Victoria
Hosting over 70,000 incredible pieces of art not just from Australia, the National Gallery of Victoria or NGV is one of Australia’s most visited art museums. Founded in 1861, it is the oldest art museum in the country. Through the collection present here, you can witness various ideas, styles, and disciplines across centuries and cultures, represented in the beautiful artworks. The vast collection of the National Gallery of Victoria is divided into two buildings, the NGV International in Southbank and The Ian Potter Centre: NGV Australia at Federation Square.
The NGV International building is dedicated to showcasing the extensive collection of art from foreign artists, hailing from Europe, Asia, America, and Oceania, while the Ian Potter Centre: NGV Australia houses a comprehensive collection of Australian and Aboriginal art. This famous monument in Australia is home to one of the finest art collections in the entire world. This enormous collection includes paintings, textiles, artefacts, sculptures, crafts and even photography. The NGV hosts many temporary exhibitions and events of the kind throughout the year. Cafes and a restaurant are also present on the premises.
Address: 180 St Kilda Rd, Melbourne VIC 3006, Australia.
7. Darling Harbour
Darling Harbour is a well-known hangout spot in the city of Sydney. It is a buzzing pedestrian area, full of loads of shops, exhibitions, museums, and a whole lot of bars and restaurants. Visitors to this beautiful landmark in Australia are often spoilt for choice. The attractions of this precinct include the Sea Life Sydney Aquarium, the Wild Life Zoo, Madame Tussaud’s Wax Museum among a few others and even a water park for the children. You can go for a heavy round of shopping in the shopping centre, or even head to the LG IMAX theatre, which has the largest screen in the world. You will not spend a minute getting bored in this energetic precinct.
Address: Sydney NSW 2000, Australia.
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8. WB Movie World
The name says it all – immerse yourself in the fantasy world of WB. This famous landmark in Australia takes you into an experience of Warner Bros like never before, a brilliant, vast, and absolutely fascinating theme park. With tons of stalls, games, live performances, and big rides, you’re sure to have a ball of a time over here. Among the many attractions at the park, the most famous is the Justice League 3D, where you join forces with the famous superheroes in a bid to save the world! Not just that, there are rides specific to superheroes too like the Arkham Asylum and the Superman Escape. The brand new Rio 4D is another fabulous attraction, and at the Junior Driving School, children of all ages can learn how to drive. And finally, absorb the best of Hollywood in the Star Parade on Main Street. Get ready for an action-packed day at WB Movie World!
Address: Pacific Mwy, Oxenford QLD 4210, Australia.
Fremantle is also home to a wide variety of brilliant attractions, restaurants and scenic beauty and it is also Australia’s biggest general cargo port. This super busy port at the mouth of the Swan River is more than just a commercial hub. It is an important historical monument in Australia, and also a top attraction for tourists. While once it existed only as a cargo port, today it is host to the Maritime Museum, the brilliant E-Sheds Markets, an eclectic collection of restaurants, and amazing walking tours. You will also come across the STS Leeuwin, Australia’s largest sail training ship, and a replica of the Duyfken, the first known European ship to actually dock on the Australian mainland. The Victoria Quay is also home to various pieces of public art for you to appreciate.
Address: Fremantle, Western Australia 6160, Australia
10. The Shrine of Remembrance
The Shrine of Remembrance is the landmark of Melbourne and the National War Memorial of Victoria. Originally dedicated to the brave contributions of the servicemen of Victoria in World War I, it is currently a tribute to all the brave Australians who served in the war for the country, and is among Australia’s largest war memorials. The Shrine of Remembrance draws its impressive architectural style from world-renowned monuments like the Parthenon of Ancient Greece and the Tomb of Mausolus, officially inaugurated in 1934. This important monument in Australia was built in a classical style, and the World War II Forecourt was added in memory of the casualties of the war. It is the site of the annual ANZAC Day and Remembrance Day, days which commemorate the sacrifices made by the countrymen for the country. At the Galleries of Remembrance, the deep history of Australia’s participation in various wars can be seen, where around 800 historical artefacts and artworks that have been beautifully preserved tell the story of the times gone by. In the centre of the sanctuary, inside the shrine is a stone with “Greater Love Hath No Man” inscripted on it, called the Stone of Remembrance. The Shrine has also been renovated time and again over the years, to accommodate a visitor’s centre, the Remembrance Garden, and statues and pillars installed in memory of the brave men, around the parking area. The upper balcony of the Shrine offers a beautiful view of the skyline of Melbourne and the surrounding area.
Address: Birdwood Ave, Melbourne VIC 3001, Australia.
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11. Perth Mint
Australia’s official bullion mint, the Perth Mint makes for a marvellous insight into the history of bullion in Australia. A visit to this old monument in Australia will probably never be as exciting as it is to the Perth Mint. Offering walking tours through the historic chambers, taking you through the processes such as the pouring of gold in the melting house, and indeed educating you on the glorious history of the bullion minting in Western Australia. The Gold Exhibition, or the live gold pour or the heritage walk all make for a wonderful experience. Then you can go on to engrave your own custom medallion, and check out the marvellous One Tonne Gold Coin at the heart of the mint. If you are travelling Perth, your trip to the Perth Mint will definitely be memorable.
Address: 310 Hay St, East Perth WA, Australia.
12. Botanical Gardens of Melbourne
The botanical gardens of Melbourne are renowned in the field worldwide and are famous tourist attractions. They house a collection of different plants and vegetation, contained in the various different lawns in the gardens. These popular landmarks in Australia are huge, serene, and picturesque, adorned with many small monuments and pillars all over. They are home to one of the leading research centers in the space of botany. The gardens attract thousands of visitors every year for their vast ecology, with over 10000 species of native and non-native plants, and also the fauna apt for these habitats. It is also a popular picnic spot. The Ian Potter’s Foundation Children’s Garden is an absolute favorite among the youngsters, who can play in the rain gardens, wetland area, bamboo forest, the gorge, and other specially made play areas. The gardens are also home to a famous jogging track known as the Tan Track.
Address: Birdwood Ave, South Yarra VIC 3141, Australia
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