If you are planning vacations in Rome and are tired of researching from different sources? Then stay here its a complete guide to monuments in Rome covering how to get there and around, when is the best time, things to do, wonderful museums and famous historic buildings in Rome essential things you should know for your stay in this beautiful city. Today, Rome is the most populous and biggest city in Italy, located in the middle of the Italian peninsula, the city is easily accessible from most important places both in Italy and abroad. Fiumicino Airport is just 26-km south-west of Rome. It is the airport for both domestic and international air services. There are numerous places, attractions, landmarks and ancient monuments in Rome that are monitoring the unprecedented history of the city, and numerous developments are affirming a long-gone past. We will tell you about the Italian monuments in Rome. Some are popular and others are not; in a wide range of locale, some are monstrous and others humble, however, they are all pieces of Rome’ and Italy’s history. We have chosen here the best monuments in Rome:
List of Must-see Monuments in Rome
If anyone has a question which one is one of the most famous monuments in Rome? Tell them Colosseum. A trip to Rome is incomplete without visiting the Colosseum. This ancient mighty structure is one of the most renowned and iconic attractions in the world. Colosseum is located to the southwest of the main terminus train station, the Colosseum is easily accessible and has a metro station in close proximity. Marvel at this famous structure from all angles, and ensure that you brave the queues and step inside to truly appreciate the enormity of this ancient place of celebration.
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2. St Peter’s Square
St Peter’s Square is one of the most important places and historical monuments in Rome where many significant events have taken place. It is located at the front of the Vatican state, the square is actually circular and is framed by two huge sets of colonnades. In the center is an imposing obelisk that was actually taken from Nero’s Circus and looks Egyptian rather than Roman. At the far end of the square stands the iconic St Peter’s Basilica and in front of this, a set of chairs is usually set out for papal ceremonies. Take in the enormity of the square, see the crowds of people hoping to catch a glimpse of the Pope and use this as a starting point to explore the Vatican.
3. St. Peter’s Basilica
St. Peter’s Basilica stands as a true triumph to the power and decadence of the catholic religion and it is held as one of the holiest shrines for its followers. It is one of the oldest monuments in Rome. Standing at the far end of St. Peter’s Square, the Basilica has a beautifully designed front facade and is crowned with statues of the Apostles and Jesus. The architecture and decoration inside the Basilica are simply divine and it is regarded as one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. You will be amazed at the sheer amount of decoration and detail, and how the light falls in stunning rays at certain points during the day.
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4. The Pantheon
The Pantheon is located in the center of Rome on the Piazza Della Rotonda, the Pantheon should be a true highlight and is another must-visit. The Pantheon mighty Pantheon stands as one of the best-preserved ancient Roman buildings in the world and is one of the monuments in ancient Rome. The front of the building stands a rectangular porch lined with huge columns and a dedication to Agrippa on the triangular pediment. The interior features a magnificent dome that has a series of stone patterns and a central coffer that allows light to spill through.
5. Trevi Fountain
Trevi Fountain has become a tradition to throw coins into the water over your shoulder for good luck although trying to do so next to hundreds of other tourists might prove difficult. This monument to see in Rome is located in close proximity to the Pantheon and Quirinale palace, this fountain should not be passed upon when walking through the streets of Rome. There are not many other fountains like Trevi fountain in the world as lavishly decorated and sculptured. It was constructed in 1762 by Nicola Salvi. This fountain pays tribute to the Roman God Oceanus who can be seen riding his chariot pulled by Tritons and taming several Hippocampus.
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6. Spanish Steps
This historical monument in Rome Italy located in the Piazza di Spagna and Piazza Trinità Dei Monti, the 135 Spanish Steps were constructed in 1725 to span the gap and slope between these two popular squares. Each of the 135 steps features a wide stone ledge and are framed by stone walls. At the top of the steps, you can find a large crucifix obelisk and many inscriptions carved into the stone. The Piazza di Spagna is spacious and contains a variety of shops and cafes, at the bottom of the steps.
7. Roman Forum
Possibly one of the most important monuments in Rome, the Roman Forum is an ancient site that consists of many ruins that were once the center of Roman public and political life. Various temples, squares, and arches stood here including the temples of Saturn, Titus, and Vesta and the Arch of Severus. Many of these structures still stand today and you can still see some of the arches and building foundations and walls. Located next to the Colosseum and Altar of the Fatherland, the Roman Forum really is an important site for your consideration.
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8. Piazza Navona
The Piazza Navona was built in the 15th century, built on the site of the stadium of Domitian, and has remained a popular attraction ever since. This monument of Rome Italy located in close proximity to the Pantheon and the Trevi Fountain, the square is a great place to visit whilst walking through the city center. This large square is usually full of street vendors and the surrounding buildings frame the open space perfectly and artists too.
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9. Castle Saint Angelo
The Castle Saint Angelo also is known as the Mausoleum of Hadrian. This Roman monument in Rome was created in 129 AD, the castle is truly ancient and was originally intended to serve as a Mausoleum for the Emperor. Today the castle stands as a museum and contains wonderful exhibits about the history of the structure throughout history. Now the castle became part of the Vatican state and was connected to St. Peter’s Basilica via a huge corridor. The corridor name is the Passetto di, Borgo.
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10. Palatine Hill
Palatine Hill is one of the famous monuments in Rome Italy and is the central most hill in the Tiber region. It provides a fantastic viewing position standing 40 meters above the historical Roman Forum and from here you can see the expanse of Rome laid out before your eyes. This is the location where the legendary Romulus and Remus were supposedly found who then went on to build the city of Rome in Roman mythology.
11. Galleria Borghese
Galleria Borghese, a monument of Rome was established in 1903, the Borghese complex is found in the northern part of the inner city next to the Via Pinciana road. Situated in the Borghese Villa complex, the Galleria Borghese is an important art museum that contains a myriad of fine paintings, sculptures, and antiques. The impressive building has a beautiful and ornate front facade that has many stone statues and decorations. Galleria Borghese is spread across twenty different rooms, the extensive Borghese collection includes works by Raphael, Caravaggio, Rubens, and Titan.
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12. Piazza del Popolo
The Piazza del Popolo is one of the finest squares in the world and literally translates as a square of the people. It is considered as one of the monuments in Rome to visit. Surrounded by historical structures such as the Chiesa di Santa Maria del Miracoli, the Porta del Popolo gateway and the Basilica Parrocchiale, the squares offer a great deal to explore. To the immediate east of the square lies the Pincio hill which offers fantastic views of the Piazza and of Rome. This is a great place to relax and soak up the scenery or enjoy the views from the Pincio.
Just rent a classic Vespa to wander through the narrow cobbled pavements of Trastevere street when you’re done with the touristic side of Rome. The old buildings have their own charms, and whenever you feel like shopping, boutiques will offer you a variety in everything from fragrances to handicrafts. The evenings are more happening since the local bars and pubs along the street get electrifying with the crowd and groovy music.
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14. Fontana Dei Quattro Fiumi
This ornate and detailed fountain is located in the center of the Piazza Navona and was designed by the legendary sculpture, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Created for Pope Innocent X in 1651, the fountain resides outside the Pamphili Palace which served as a family residence for the Pope. It is one of the top monuments in Rome. The fountain depicts the four river gods and in the center stands a large Egyptian Obelisk.
15. Villa Farnesina
Villa Farnesina is a fantastic example of a Renaissance villa complex and is considered a fine example of architecture and design. This important monuments in Rome constructed in the 16th century for Agostina Chigi, this spacious villa changed ownership over the years and now serves as a museum. Aside from the amazing architecture, the villa also features some beautiful and detailed frescos created by the renowned Renaissance artists Raphael.
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The Piazza Venezia is one of the monuments to visit in Rome and forms an intersection for several of the main roads and considered as a central thoroughfare and hub in the city of Rome. Located at the bottom of Capitoline Hill, several important streets disperse from here including the Fori Imperiali that leads to the Colosseum. Important monuments located on the square include the Piazza Venezia, the Altar of the Fatherland and Trajan’s Column.
17. Basilica di San Clemente
This is one of the lesser-known churches in central Rome but is just as opulent and historical as the likes of St. Peter’s Basilica. This major monument in Rome listed as a Basilica Minor, the church is actually split into three distinct sections that span a timeframe of some two thousand years. The original basilica was created in the 2nd century and the current form was completed in 1123 AD. Whilst the exterior of the church is nothing special, the interior is quite spectacular and features a huge amount of decorations and artwork.
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18. Arch of Constantine
A list of ancient monuments in Rome is incomplete without the Arch of Constantine. It dedicated to the great Emperor Constantine to celebrate his victory at the Battle of Milvian Bridge is the largest of its kind in Rome and stands next to the Colosseum. It was built in 315 AD it is among the oldest structures in the city and still retains a great amount of its original detail and artwork. Standing at 21m high it is clearly visible from the surrounding areas and is one of the most iconic landmarks in Rome. The artwork and sculptures present on the arch are an amalgamation of many different themes and combine together to form a wonderful display of ancient history.
19. Quirinale Palace
This stately structure and complex stands as one of the official residences of the current President of Italy and is located on the Quirinal Hill in the center of Rome. In total, the complex spans 110,500 square meters and is one of the largest palaces in the world. It is one of the popular monuments in Rome. Inside the main part of the palace are a series of richly decorated rooms, courtyards, staircases, and chapels. A guided tour is possible of the palace and there are also several exhibitions that detail its history and use.
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20. Ponte Sant Angelo
The bridge of Saint Angelo spans the epic River Tiber and creates a footpath between the Castel Sant’Angelo and the near side of the river. A list of top ten monuments in Rome is incomplete without Ponte Sant Angelo. Created with a face of travertine marble, the bridge stands out against the sometimes murky colors of the Tiber and offers some fantastic photographic opportunities.
So far we have discussed the 20 famous monuments in Rome. I hope you might have gathered some information related to it. If you are planning your trip to Rome. then kindly go through our other articles as well which will be quite beneficial for you. Please share your views regarding the content explained above and liked it too.