Nepal is definitely a novel place to be and a remarkable sight to see. With a trove of deep-rooted traditions and celebrated cultures, a visit to the monuments in Nepal departs from the humdrum sightseeing tours to bring you an enriching experience of scenic temples. A trip to Nepal cannot be complete without understanding its rich heritage. The art and cultural activities in Nepal will give you an insight into the nation’s history, traditions, and artwork. While visiting the beautiful monuments in Nepal would prove to be informative, attending its artsy events will leave you entertained. From cultural performances to historical monuments that give you a glimpse of the past, take a look at this list to know Nepal better. Include these historical sites in Nepal in your itinerary and have a great memorable vacation:
List of Monuments in Nepal
1. Lumbini Temple
Also known as the birthplace of Lord Buddha, Lumbini is a perfect place for both a theist and an atheist because of its beautiful landscapes, serenity, and peaceful environment. It is one of the most acclaimed historical monuments in Nepal which has been declared as a world heritage site by UNESCO in the year 1997. The place represents a beautiful symbiosis of religious as well as historical significance which is quite appealing to the tourists coming from all across the globe.
Address: Lumbini, Nepal
2. Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Bhaktapur is an excellent option for a day or weekend trip from Kathmandu located at a distance of just 15kms to the east of the capital city. A UNESCO world cultural heritage site in Nepal, the Durbar Square (Royal Plaza) is the epicenter of this ancient Newari city. The square is indeed a living museum. Where ever you turn you can see plenty of ancient monuments, buildings, and temples. If the weather cooperates, you can experience panoramic views of the Himalayan peaks from Nagarkot, a tiny hill-station village that lies near Bhaktapur. If you get the chance, try a home-stay to experience authentic Nepalese hospitality and you will get to enjoy the flavors of traditional home-cooked meals.
Address: Durbar square, Bhaktapur 44800, Nepal
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3. World Peace Pagoda
Offering amazing views of Pokhara, the world peace pagoda is a stupa located on a top of a hill. This important historical landmark in Nepal is made with the initiative of uniting the human race dedicated to peace and prosperity and the innocent lives lost during the world war. Once you arrive you will find there are three paths up to the pagoda and several small cafes. When you reach the top the panorama that you experience is worth every steep step that leads to this heavenly place. There have been muggings on the trails in the past. Check the latest situation before you head off and the trek up will take at least 20 minutes.
Address: Kaski, Nepal, Pokhara
4. Boudhanath Stupa
The Bodhnath or Boudhanath Stupa is one of the largest Tibetan Buddhist stupas outside of Tibet and both locals and foreign pilgrims (especially from Tibet) visit this spiritual site. It’s located at a distance of 7 km from Kathmandu and considered a UNESCO world cultural heritage site. This is one of the top historical places in Nepal was constructed by King Man Dev in the fifth century, this colossal stupa is built atop an octagonal structure, which symbolizes Buddha’s teachings. It is surrounded by several gompas or smaller temples.
Address: Buddha Stupa, Boudhanath Sadak, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
5. Kathmandu Durbar Square
Kathmandu Durbar Square is famous for its architectural legacy and also reckoned as the Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square. This popular monument in Nepal is also known for its mesmerizing charm. It is believed to be the place where the kings used to get ruled and crowned which is now has been declared as a World Heritage Site and is counted among some of the most famous and visited tourist destinations in the capital city of Nepal. The architecture of this square was home to numerous majestic buildings including temples and palaces amongst which most of them had been lost in the devastating earthquake of 2015.
Address: Kathmandu Durbar Square, Kathmandu, Nepal.
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6. Patan Durbar Square
Patan Durbar Square is the third popular Durbar Square in the country located in the center of the city of Lalitpur. However, this is called the smallest amongst all the Durbar Squares but this is also renowned as the most beautiful structure. This important monument in Nepal was built during the 14th to the 18th century during the reign of Malla Kings especially during the ruling period of King Siddhi Narsingh Malla. The structure was damaged in the incident of the 2015 earthquake but has regained its beauty and glory more than earlier even.
Address: Lalitpur 44700, Nepal
7. Swayambhunath Stupa
Swayambhunath Stupa is nestled on the top of a hill this amazing structure overlooks the majestic Kathmandu Valley. It is believed to be one of the most acclaimed and the ancient monuments in Nepal and is home to numerous monasteries and shrines. The architecture looks quite appealing and inviting to the tourists as it is beautifully adorned with the paintings and inscriptions representing the eyes and the eyebrows of Lord Buddha depicted on the walls.
Address: Kathmandu 09771, Nepal
8. Shree Pashupatinath Temple
Shree Pashupatinath Temple is the largest Hindu temple in the world devoted to Lord Shiva. This one of the famous historical sites in Nepal is situated on the banks of the river Bagmati and lies at a distance of 5 km to the northwest of the capital city Kathmandu. Shree Pashupatinath temple is often referred to as the “Temple of Living Beings,” as it attracts a vast number of pilgrims every day who come from faraway places to offer their prayers and seek blessings of the divine deity. This temple complex is a stunning example of ancient architectural prowess apart from its religious importance. Shivratri and the Bhagmati riverside are two of the most important and major events to watch at this temple.
Address: Pashupati Nath Road 44621, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
9. Changunarayan Temple
Dedicated to Lord Vishnu, another holy place of Hindus which considered as one of the most visited ancient temples in Nepal, Changunarayan is famous for its traditional architecture. It also houses another popular tourist spot inside the complex Changu museum. This historical landmark in Nepal is home to various artistic objects, historical, archaeological, cultural, and ancient showpieces. The structure has been designed in Nepali style and is beautifully adorned with inscriptions and artworks dedicated to Lord Vishnu.
Address: Changunarayan Temple, Changu, Nepal
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10. Changu Narayan Temple
This ancient Hindu temple has a history that goes back 3000 years as old as time itself. Considered as the oldest religious monument in Nepal, this is built in the two-tiered pagoda architectural style. The main shrine is surrounded by mythical beasts – ram-horned griffons, winged lions, and other familiar animals like elephants and lions on all sides. Sadly, a significant portion of this temple complex was affected during the earthquake that rocked Nepal in 2015. However, it’s still open and the damaged areas are under restoration.
Address: Changunarayan 44600, Nepal.
11. Chitwan National Park
Chitwan National Park, renowned as a world heritage site in Nepal is spread over a large area of almost 934 sq. km. It is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna and also houses approx. 544 species of birds and some unique rare animals. This is the first national park established in Nepal which got declared as a world heritage site by UNESCO in the year 1984. Enjoy the elephant safari ride and also the jeep safari ride along with the scenic exploration.
Address: Subarnapur 44200, Nepal.
Janakpur must Not be skipped out if you are in Nepal because it is the perfect place to feel the taste of different cultures, traditions, and history of the country. The historical-cultural place in Nepal holds a religious in Hinduism as it is believed to be the birthplace of Goddess Sita and also the place where she got married to Lord Rama. You can also explore the beautiful and awe-inspiring Maithili art and culture imbibed in the environment of this ancient city.
Address: Janakpur, Nepal.
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