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Best Cities in Mongolia to Visit | Major Cities in Mongolia

Mongolia is a landlocked nation that is located in the Eastern region of Central Asia. Mongolia shares its borders with China, Russia, and Kazakhstan. The cities of Mongolia are worth visiting for their ancient culture. Mongolia is a country having a population of about 3 million people. Ulaanbaatar is the capital city and also one of the largest cities in Mongolia accommodating 45% of Mongolia’s population, found in North-Central Mongolia. Mongolia is a diverse land with many beautiful places to explore, from the capital Ulaanbaatar to its sweeping natural wonders. Whether you want to take in some culture or see here in popular cities in Mongolia what Mother Nature has to offer, you’ll find it in any one of these top cities to visit in Mongolia: 

List of Cities to Visit in Mongolia




1.Ulan Bator or Ulaanbaatar

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Ulan Bator is a capital city that is located in North Central of Mongolia.  Ulan Bator is officially known as Ulaanbaatar. Ulan Bator is not only the capital city but also the beautiful cities in Mongolia with a population of more than 1.3 million according to a census of 2014. This beautiful city was established in 1639 as a nomadic Buddhist monastic center.  It was permanently settled in 1778 at its present location after changing it 28 times before. When it comes to its museums and art galleries, Ulaanbaatar is truly blessed. It is well worth spending a couple of days trawling its extensive collections and artifacts: the Bogd Khan Winter Palace and Mongolia National Modert Art Gallery are particularly delightful to peruse. Ulaanbaatar is also known as Mongolia’s industrial, financial, and cultural center. 

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2. Karakorum

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The fabled ancient city of Karakorum is set deep between the undulating green hills and stony ridges of the Orkhon Valley. This major city in inner Mongolia has now known as the stuff of myth and legend. If you follow the sporadic cobbled lanes of this city that weave around the mountains in the very heart of Mongolia you’ll discover that it did certainly exist. You will find here ruined grain silos and stone turtles, kiln smelting houses and crumbling ancient stupas still spot the ground.  Now, it’s the place to come to walk in the footsteps of totemic figures like Genghis Khan. To see interesting Buddhist monasteries next to the gorgeous Yuan Dynasty temple shrines you must visit the Karakorum.




3.Erdenet

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Erdenet is located in the valley of northern Mongolia between the Orkhon and the Selenge. This best city in Mongolia is officially known as the Bayan-Öndör sum. It is also the capital of the Aimag meaning Province of Orkhon. Erdenet having a population of 79,647, was founded in 1974. Presently, it’s spotless and created, has focal nurseries, some great exhibition halls (committed to mining, obviously), and access to the baffling Buddhist altars of Amarbayasgalant Monastery toward the north-east.

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4.Darkhan

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Most of Darkhan is an industrial region that was built with extensive economic aid from the Soviet Union in 1961. Darkhan is the province’s industrial hub and also the capital of the Province of Darkhan-Uul. Most of the Darkhan population lives in apartments while the remainder of the population in Darkhan’s outskirts lives in yurts. It is one of the famous cities to visit in Mongolia. According to a recent census, Darkhan has a population of 74,300 inhabitants.




5. Khvod

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Khovd is officially known as the Jargalant sum located at the foot of the Altay Mountains on Mongol on River Buyant.  Khvod is also the capital of the Province of Khovd in Mongolia. The city of Khovd was founded by Galdan Khan of Dzungaria on the Khovd River banks in the 17th century. Due to land tilling prowess from central Asian captives horticulture was established around Khovd. At present Khovd is known for the harvest of watermelon and tomato in the summer and also the availability of high-quality products. The people of this important city in Mongolia of Khovd belong to more than ten ethnicities making up a population of 30,500 people.

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6. Olgii

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Olgii is the capital of the Province of Bayan-Ölgii located in Western Mongolia. Initially, Olgii founded in 1911 was an ethnic Kazakh city before the modern nation of Mongolia. The city’s primary is best known for its embroidery, Kazakh music, hunting with eagles mostly seen each October during the annual Golden Eagle Festival and art. The dialect of this top major city in Mongolia is Kazakh and you will find here Ölgii has at least four mosques and has a population of 28,400 inhabitants.




7. Ulaangom

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Ulaangom is located on the slopes of Mount Kharkhiraa. It was believed to have been established in 1686 whose Monastery was erected in 1871. This popular city in Mongolia was known as the Dechinravjaa Monastery. Ulaangom has a number of cultural and educational institutions and organizations. The city has a University branch, five secondary schools, and a vocational college. Ulaangom has a population of 28,085 people.

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8. Moron

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Moron is counted in one of the must-visit cities in Mongolia. It is 100 percent true that this provincial city certainly deals with its fair share of passing tourists on their way to those attractions. You will discover here schools and pretty stops; a grasp of good Mongolian restaurants, and a mixture of Buddha statues and eye-watering lovely ancient structure at the close by Danzadardscha Khiid Monastery. Likewise, Moron stays one of only a handful of scarcely any city opens on non-stop flight services from the capital city  Ulaanbaatar.




So far we have discussed the top 8 major cities in Mongolia. I hope you might have gathered some information related to it. If you are planning your trip to Mongolia then kindly go through our other articles as well which will be quite beneficial for you. Please share your views regarding the content explained above and liked it too.

Navya Upadhyay

I am Navya, a Travel guide at Adequate travel. Here I am sharing my Journey experiences which can be helpful to you while planning your trips.

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