Are you looking to explore the history of Nigeria through the ages? There are a number of historical monuments in Nigeria including the time-honored buildings, palaces, and parks where you can learn about the glorious past of Nigeria. The presence of these historical sites and museums will take you on a walk through Nigeria‘s rich history. If you are willing to have in-depth historical information about Nigeria we recommend that you take a wonderful guided tour to cover the major historical buildings in Nigeria. Also, check the address of these places for each so that you can organize your way. Make sure that you go through the complete list of historical places in Nigeria for a great trip!
List of Nigerian Monuments
1. Ogbunike Caves
Located in Ogbunike Anambra State, Ogbunike Caves are a collection of caves that have been in use for centuries by the natives of the village. To the people of this village, it has spiritual and historical significance. This cultural monument in Nigeria also serves as a tourist attraction. To descend the caves you have to follow 317 steps and the main cave consists of a massive structure with a big open chamber at the entrance. Ogbunike Caves is a UNESCO Heritage Site and has ten tunnels leading to different directions.
Address: Ifite Ogbunike, Ogbunike, Nigeria
2. Tafawa Balewa Square (TBS)
Located in Lagos State, Tafawa Balewa Square (TBS) is a ceremonial ground constructed in 1972. The entrance to this historical landmark in Nigeria has gigantic sculptures of four white horses and above the gate, there are seven red eagles, which signify Strength and Dignity respectively. You will also find other monuments in the square like the Remembrance Arcade (with memorials to World War I, World War II and Nigerian civil war victims) and the 26-story Independence House, built-in 1963 which was for a long time, the tallest building in Nigeria. It has a capacity of 50,000 people and is used for different functions.
Address: 45/57 Massey Bamgboshe Street, Lagos Island, Lagos, Nigeria
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3. Walls of Benin City
Located in Benin City Edo State, the Walls of Benin were used as a defense of the defunct Kingdom of Benin, which is now Benin City, the capital of Edo state. This famous monument in Nigeria is considered the largest man-made structure lengthwise and hailed as the largest earthwork in the world. In 800, the construction was estimated to have started and continued into the mid-15th century. In the 13th century, it is considered one of the greatest achievements of a man considering that there was no use of machines.
Address: Walls of Benin City, Edo State.
4. Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove
Located in Osogbo Osun State, Osun-Osogbo Grove is a sacred forest along the banks of the Osun river. This is the only tourist destination that has sacred monuments in Nigeria like shrines, sanctuaries, sculptures, and artworks that are created in honor of the goddess of fertility, Osun. In 2005, it became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Address: Osogbo, Nigeria
5. Oduduwa Grove
Also known as Oduduwa World Temple, Oduduwa Grove is located in Ile-Ife, Osun State. The important monument in Nigeria is notable for being the point where Oduduwa, the legendary progenitor of the Yoruba race landed with a chain. He founded Ile Ife, which became his final resting place. At this location, a statue of Oduduwa with the chain and staff can be found. Now there is a walkway of about 317 steps which makes for a stress-climb but in the past where only the daring visitors attempted to climb. You have to put off your shoe before you are allowed in and also menstruating women are barred from the caves.
Address: Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.
6. Zuma Rock
Zuma Rock has to be one of the most recognizable and iconic natural monuments in Nigeria and standing close to Abuja and directly to the north of this capital city. This huge monolith is easily accessible to most visitors located off the main Abuja to Kaduna road and is quite impossible to miss, often being known as the ‘Gateway to Abuja’ and towering more than 700 meters above the surrounding landscape.
Address: Near Abuja, Nigeria, NG, Africa
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7. The Ancient Nok Settlement
Located in Jaba Kaduna State, the Nok Culture appeared in northern Nigeria around 1000 BC and vanished under unknown circumstances around 500 AD. Antiquities from the Ancient Nok Settlement are seen in galleries and museums all over the world. The Terracotta figurine was also discovered in the Nok Settlement that’s why this is known as one of the oldest monuments in Nigeria.
Address: The Ancient Nok Settlement, Jaba Kaduna State, Nigeria
8. Slave Museum
located in Calabar Cross-River State, the Slave Museum exhibits local slave markets. Including shackles and chains, and the variety of currencies used to buy people, it contains the materials used during the slave trade, such as copper bars, brass bells, and flutes. During the Slave Trade days, Calabar was a major slave port, and this most visited monument in Nigeria houses many historical elements.
Address: Slave Museum, Calabar Cross-River State, Nigeria
9. Idanre Hills
Located in Idanre Ondo State, Oke Idanre also popular as Idanre Hills is the most popular tourist site in Ondo state and one of the most attractive natural landscapes and beautiful monuments in Nigeria. This beautiful Idanre hill consists of cultural sites such as Shrines, “Owa’s Palace, Old Court, thunder water (Omi Apaara), Belfry, Agbooogun footprint, and burial mounds and grounds. This UNESCO World Heritage site has 660 steps, so stretch your leg before heading.
Address: Idanre Hills, Ondo State, Nigeria
10. Emir of Kano Palace
Located in Kano State, the Kano Emirate is a traditional state in Northern Nigeria with headquarters in the city of Kano the capital of Kano State. The Council, preceded by the Emirate of Kano, was formed in 1903. Kano boasts of ancient culture and civilization and Emir’s palace is one of the pieces of evidence. His headquarters were located in Kano city. This iconic monument in Nigeria actually hosts ancient artifacts of old civilizations that were present before the period of the British Colonization. Emir’s Palace is one of the fractures of this ancient civilization.
Address: Emir Palace Rd, Kano City, Kano, Nigeria
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11. The First Story Building in Nigeria
It may not look very attractive, but provides real historical value for Nigeria. This historical building in Nigeria is located in Badagry, Lagos. The very first layers of the building were built in 1842 and it takes three years to complete in 1845. Under the mission of the Church Missionary Society, the whole structure was created. The ancient building does not provide much attention for tourists, but it helps to construct historical heritage for Nigerians.
Address: First Storey Building, Marina Rd, Badagry, Nigeria.
12. National War Museum
The main aim of the National War Museum that is now located in Umuahia Abia State is to remember the grim episode of wars and the process of national reconciliation and healing. Including the Nigerian Civil War, Nigeria Delta conflicts, this museum houses relics from different wars. The weapons used in battles fought in old Nigerian empires are also depicted here. This old monument in Nigeria has now become the center of attraction among historians across the world.
Address: National War Museum Rd, Umuahia, Nigeria.
13. Kano City Walls
Kano City Walls have existed as far back as the 14th Century after the foundation was laid by Sakri Gijumasu in 1095 and arguably one of the ancient monuments. The purpose of the Kano city wall was to provide refuge for the people of Kano. Many of the walls have been renovated but you will still find remnants. Many of the walls have been renovated but you will still find remnants. The Federal Government declared it a National Monument in Nigeria in 1959.
Address: Kano City Walls, Kano, Nigeria.
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So far we have discussed the best monuments in Nigeria, which contains the proper information regarding all the most visited monuments in Nigeria. I hope you might have loved reading this article and if you love to know more about Nigeria then kindly head to our other articles as well which will help you to get knowledge about.