Redwood tree facts, informs that for thousands of years, the people managed the area to live in harmony with these ancient trees, understanding the importance of their forest ecosystem. And then the gold rush happened, and so due to the arrival of hundreds of thousands of gold-seekers starting in 1849, the redwoods were doomed. Facts about the redwood tree explain that the logged into oblivion to keep up with the demand for lumber, today, only 5 percent of the original redwood forest remains, fewer than 100,000 acres dotted along the coast. No doubt, redwood trees are massive, and redwood forests are super-quiet and peaceful. But ask yourself what did you know interesting facts about the redwood tree?
You Won’t be Aware of these Redwood Facts
1. As old as the Dinosaurs
The earliest redwoods were seen on Earth shortly after the dinosaurs
and before flowers, birds, spiders and, humans. Redwoods have been around for 240 million years, compared to about 200,000 years for “modern” humans.
2. See 2,000-year-old Redwoods here
Officially, the oldest redwood is at least 2,200 years old, but the foresters believe that some of the coast redwoods may be much older. You can meet with old-growth redwoods at Big Basin Redwoods State Park on trails such as the Redwood Trail, and the Sunset-Timms-Skyline loop, at Henry Cowell Redwoods State Park’s Redwood Park Loop Trail and at Portola Redwoods State Park
3. Tallest tree on Earth
Local coast redwood tree can grow up to 300 feet or more, the tallest tree on Earth. Right now, there are 50 redwood trees taller than 360 feet living along the Pacific Coast. Yet their root system is only 6 to 12 feet deep which is concluded from redwood tree root facts. Redwoods creates strength to withstand powerful winds and floods by the expansion of their roots more than 50 feet from the trunk and living in groves where their roots can mesh. Redwoods are quite an armful to hug, as they are of 8 to 20 feet in diameter.
4. Ancient old-growth – and Aspiring Youngsters
While there are 2,000-year-old redwoods in our neighborhood and among which most of the redwoods we see are much, much younger about 50-150 years old which is equivalent to about age 2-6 in human years. So, when you ride through the Santa Cruz Mountains, you will notice as if you are in a nursery of young redwoods, which with protection and proper management, can live for 2,000 years.
5. Here and only here
Coast redwoods grow only one place on Earth, ie on the Pacific Coast, from Big Sur to southern Oregon. Earlier in the Earth’s history, redwoods had a wider habitat, including western North America and along the coasts of Europe and Asia. Today, there are other two types of sequoia trees still living on our local coast redwood. The giant sequoia grows only in California’s Sierra Nevada range which is actually shorter but heftier than our coast redwood. You can find them in places like Sequoia National Park and Kings Canyon National Park. The dawn redwood grows only in a remote area of central China and is about one-third the height of coast redwood.
6. Latin or English: Semper-who?
The local redwood tree has an official Latin name, Sequoia sempervirens. That fancy name is why the local nonprofit organization is working to protect, expand and care for the local redwood forests, known as the Sempervirens Fund.
7. Climate Change Heroes
Cool facts about the redwood tree explain that trees are crucial for maintaining the human-friendly climate. Studies show that the coast redwoods capture more carbon dioxide from our cars, trucks and power plants than any tree on Earth. Therefore by protecting local redwood forests, we make a huge contribution towards stabilizing the global climate.
8. Wild Animals Thrive here
Wild creatures like mountain lions, coho salmon, and marbled murrelet depend on the redwood forests. They need large areas of diverse habitat to survive, as the climate changes and they need to adapt quickly. Mountain lions often travel miles in a week. The endangered marbled murrelet, a sea bird, only nests in the tallest redwoods and Douglas fir trees.
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9. Sturdy Survivors
Redwoods live so long that they are treasured by humans for building because they are extremely resistant to insects, fire, and rot. At a time, San Francisco’s building codes needed redwood lumber to be used in the foundations of new structures. A redwood’s bark that can be 1 foot thick, and it contains tannin, which protects the tree from fire, insects, and diseases. There is no known insect which can destroy a redwood tree. Fire is not a big threat because the trunk is thick and since there are lots of water inside the tree, and the bark doesn’t have a flammable resin as a pine tree does.
10. We can all help the Forest Recover
Today, we have a rare chance to reassemble the vast and vibrant redwood forest into a magnificent, self-regenerating ecosystem between Silicon Valley and the Pacific Ocean.
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