Qatar is one of the top historic Arabic countries whose culture has an Islamic express of laws and traditions that contributed majorly into its rich architectural heritage. There are numerous towns and cities...
Category - Qatar
Qatar tourism is the most popular tours in the world. Qatar occupies a small desert peninsula that extends northward from the larger Arabian Peninsula. It has been continuously but sparsely inhabited since prehistoric times. Following the rise of Islam, the region became subject to the Islamic caliphate; it later was ruled by a number of local and foreign dynasties before falling under the control of the Al- Thani dynasty in the 19th century. Qatar is known to be the world’s largest natural gas and reserves of petroleum and employs large numbers of foreign workers in its production process. Qatar’s residents enjoy a high standard of living and a well-established system of social services, because of its oil wealth.
Doha is the Qatar capital. It was once a center for pearling and is home to most of the country’s inhabitants. Radiating inland from its handsome Corniche, or seaside boulevard, Doha blends premodern architecture with new office buildings, shopping malls, and apartment complexes. Slightly smaller in area than the U.S. state of Connecticut, the Qatar peninsula is about 160 km from north to south, 80 km from east to west, and is generally rectangular in shape. It shares a border with north and west of the United Arab Emirates where the peninsula connects to the mainland and in eastern Saudi Arabia. The island country of Bahrain lies some 40 km northwest of Qatar.
Hills rise to about 40 meters along the western and northern coasts, and Abu al-Bawl Hill (335 feet) is Qatar’s highest point. Sand dunes and salt flats, or sabkhahs, are the chief topographical features of the southern and southeastern sectors. Qatar has more than 560 km of coastline; its border with Saudi Arabia is 60 km long. There are no permanent bodies of freshwater. The climate is hot and humid from June to September, with daytime temperatures as high as 50 °C. The spring and fall months April, May, October, and November are temperate, averaging about 17 °C, and the winters are slightly cooler. Precipitation is scarce, with less than 75 mm falling annually.
Originally, Islam is the official religion of Qatar. Qatar language is Arabic. Qataris are largely Sunni Muslims. There is a small Shia minority. Qatar people do not originally belong to Qatar, most of them settled by Bedouin nomads. They come to Qatar from the central part of the Arabian Peninsula. Qatari people constitute only a small portion of roughly one-ninth of the total population today. Economic growth beginning in the 1970s created an economy dependent on foreign workers mostly from Pakistan, India, and Iran who now far outnumber nationals. Few Qataris retain a nomadic lifestyle.