From the sparkling waters of the Mediterranean to the sandy fields of the Sahara, popular cities in Morocco has intrigued and allured visitors for a large number of years. Morocco’s quality lies in its...
Category - Morocco
We usually know enough about Morocco but where is morocco located? Give us a pause. Morocco is located in North Africa has a population of 36,496,532 in 2018. Morocco has an area of 710,850 sq. km, including disputed Western Sahara. The country has an elected parliament and is a constitutional monarchy. Including the power to dissolve parliament, the King holds a number of executive powers. There are two houses of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and Assembly of Councillors. Rabat is the Morocco capital but Casablanca is the largest city. Morocco facts quite interesting as Morocco has been inhabited since Neolithic times when the area was less arid. The area resembled a savannah at that time. Islamic expansion began, in the seventh century. The Arabs brought Islam and their language. They formed states and kingdoms. The country cut ties with Abbasid caliphs in Bagdad under Idris ibn Abdallah. Fes became the Idrisids capital. Morocco became a learning center and regional power. Morocco’s heart on the Mediterranean was not affected by the Portuguese invasion and control of the Atlantic coast in the 15th century. This crisis of 1905 was resolved at the Algeciras Conference in 1906. In World War I and II, Moroccan soldiers were part of the French army. Many also served in the Spanish Civil War as part of the Spanish Nationalist Army.
Modern Standard Arabic is the Morocco language. The French built their own sections of the cities next to the existing slums and denied to Moroccan ruled. Under this apartheid system, Moroccans were not allowed to travel to the French sections. The education system only taught French art, history, and culture. Native languages and culture were disregarded. In 1956, Morocco earned political independence. Control of Spanish-ruled areas was restored through agreements in 1956 and 1958. Attempts to claim other areas through military action were unsuccessful. In 1956, Tangier was reintegrated. In 1961, Hassan II became king. Political unrest occurred in his early years. In 1969, Ifni was reintegrated. Western Sahara was annexed in the 1970s, but the area’s status is still unresolved today. In the 1990s, a bicameral legislature was formed. The country became a non-NATO ally in 2004 and has free trade agreements with the EU and U.S. As stated, Morocco is a constitutional monarchy. The parliament is elected. Opposition parties are permitted and several exist. The two chambers of parliament are the Assembly of Representatives of Morocco and the Assembly of Councillors. Morocco people is quite gentle and revolutionary because of its past. The constitution sets forth the monarchy, a parliament, and an independent judiciary. The Supreme Court is the highest court whose judges are appointed by the King. Morocco has 16 administrative regions that were created in 1997. These are subdivided into 62 prefectures and provinces. There are 37 provinces and wilayas. The U.N. views Western Sahara as a case of unfinished decolonization. The Polisario fought against Spanish rule and later for independence as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. A ceasefire has been in place since 1991.
Morocco recently suggested the region has autonomous status. This was presented to the U.N. Security Council in 2007. While the U.S. and France encouraged the proposal, it was not approved. Instead, the U.N. has requested the parties enter direct negotiation to reach a political solution. Morocco’s economic freedom score is 62.9, making it’s economy the 75th freest in the 2019 Index. Its overall score has increased by 1.0 point, with improvements in fiscal health, property rights, and judicial effectiveness outpacing lower scores for government integrity, labor freedom, and trade freedom. Morocco’s population is the Arab world’s fourth highest. Most practice Sunni Islam. Arabs and Berbers are 99 percent of the population. Morocco travel has special values among the other Arab continent. There is populations of Haratin and Gnawa, black or mixed race. Most of the foreign residents are French or Spanish. Genetic studies have shown Moroccans are genetically closer to Iberians than those of Bantu ethnicity.