Jaipur was founded by Maharaja Jai Singh II in 1727. Now, for a wide range of reasons, this city is one of India’s most sought-after tourist destinations. The remnants of this history and the rich history of...
Category - Jaipur
Jaipur is a beautiful city and the capital of the Rajasthan state located in northwestern India. Roughly equidistant from Alwar (northeast) and Ajmer (southwest), It is situated in the east-central part of the state. It is known as Rajasthan’s most-populous city. The city was founded by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh to replace nearby Amber in 1727. Amber is now Amer, a part of Jaipur. Jaipur founded by the Rajputs in the 12th century CE as the capital of the princely state. In size in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, Jaipur grew dramatically, doubling its population between 1991 and 2011.
Jaipur is a popular tourist destination and a commercial trade center with major road, rail, and air connections. Hand-loom weaving, distilling, and the manufacture of glass, hosiery, carpets, blankets, shoes, and drugs are some Industries that include engineering and metalworking. Jaipur is also famous for arts and crafts include the making of jewelry, enamel, metalwork, and printed cloths, as well as stone, marble, and ivory carving. The city is unique in its straight-line planning and known for its beauty. It is sometimes called the “pink city” because the buildings are predominantly rose-colored. The City Palace, part of which is home to the royal family of Jaipur and also the chief buildings along with Jantar Mantar, an 18th-century open-air observatory that was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2010, the Tiger Fort, Hawa Mahal (Hall of Winds); Ram Bagh palace and Nahargarh. Other public buildings include a museum and a library. Jaipur is the seat of the University of Rajasthan, founded in 1947.
The city is surrounded by fertile alluvial plains to the east and south and hill chains and desert areas to the north and west. Cotton, bajra (pearl millet), barley, gram (chickpeas), and pulses are the chief crops grown in the region. Iron ore, beryllium, mica, feldspar, marble, copper, and garnet deposits are worked. In addition to Amer, other nearby attractions include Sariska National Park to the northeast.