famous buildings in Rome, The most visited buildings in Rome, popular buildings in Rome, historical buildings in Rome

Famous Buildings in Rome- The Most Visited Building in Rome

Roman architecture and engineering is praised in the world and has had a major impact on art, building practices and urban planning across the centuries, therefore have a look of these famous buildings in Rome. With so many architectural sights to take in while you’re in the Eternal City, it’s hard to know from where to begin. We’ve compiled a list of the historical buildings in Rome to help guide you through the city’s most noteworthy sights.

List of All The Famous Buildings in Rome




1. Colosseum

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The Colosseum is one of the famous buildings in Rome. Originally it was known as the Flavian Amphitheatre because it was built during the Flavian Dynasty in 70-80AD, it is the largest auditorium ever built and was modeled after the ancient Teatro Marcello. The Colosseum held about 65,000 spectators and was used for gladiator contests, public spectacles such as re-enactments of famous battles, theatrical productions, animal hunts, and executions.

Address: Piazza del Colosseo, 1, 00184 Roma RM, Italy

Also Read: Top Visiting Places in Rome

2. Teatro Marcello

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The Theatre of Marcellus was an ancient open-air theater that served as an inspiration for the Colosseum. However, Teatro Marcello is a semi-circular theatre while the Colosseum is a circular auditorium. Originally it was commissioned by Julius Caesar, who was murdered before its construction began and finished by Emperor Augustus in 11BC. It was named for his nephew, Marcus Claudius Marcellus, who died at the age of 19, five years before it was finished. It is located near the Tiber River, it could hold up to 20,000 spectators and was a revolutionary structure at its time. With arches, tunnels, columns, and ramps, it shows the finest ancient Roman skill and artistry.

Address: Via del Teatro di Marcello, 00186 Roma RM, Italy




3. Ara Pacis

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The Ara Pacis Museum is a fascinating site because it fuses new and old in a truly innovative way. This Museum was designed by an American architect Richard Meier in 2006 to contain the ancient Ara Pacis or Altar of Peace, that dates back to 13 BC. The decorated Altar of Peace is covered in friezes depicting figures, battles, and processions, while the contemporary outer steel and glass structure encloses the altar within it. This  Museum was the first architectural space to be built in the historical center of Rome since the end of the Fascist era.

Read More: Best Cities to Visit in Italy

Address: Lungotevere in Augusta, 00186 Roma RM, Italy

4. Corte Suprema di Cassazione

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Rome’s Palace of Justice, the seat of the Supreme Court of Cassation is a giant structure that dominates the banks of the Tiber River in the Prati district. It is often referred to as “Il Palazzaccio”, a pejorative name which roughly means to “Bad Palace”. Its large size, gaudy decorations and lengthy construction period seemed to point to corruption when it was opened in 1911. Inspired by Renaissance and Baroque architecture, it remains one of the most visited buildings in Rome.

Address: Palazzo di Giustizia, Piazza Cavour, 00193 Roma RM, Italy



5. Il Vittoriano

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Another building which Romans love to hate is Il Vittoriano in Piazza Venezia. Dubbed “The Wedding Cake” for its gleaming white marble and tiered levels, this large chancel was built between 1885 – 1925 to honor Victor Emmanuel who was the first king of a unified Italy. Replete with stairs, columns, fountains, and sculptures, it was in controversy because it destroyed the area of the Capitoline Hill and dominated the skyline. Nevertheless, popular buildings in Rome and is a focal point of the city.

Address: Piazza Venezia, 00186 Roma RM, Italy

6. St. Peter’s Basilica

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Travelers come from far to visit St. Peter’s Basilica, one of the holiest Catholic temple in the world. Which was built above the burial site of Peter the Apostle, an important pilgrimage site and a wonder to behold in person. The Basilica was designed by numerous artists, like Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno, and Gian Lorenzo Bernini, and completed in 1626. Famous dome Michelangelo’s was inspired by the Pantheon and the Duomo of Florence.

Address: Piazza San Pietro, 00120 Città del Vaticano, Vatican City



7. Pantheon

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The Pantheon is one of the famous buildings in Rome and a testament to architectural skill and engineering. In 126 AD Emperor Hadrian built the Roman temple on the site of an earlier temple built during the reign of Augusts (27 BC – 14 AD). It remained in continuous use and began to be used as a church in the 7th century. With its large circular domed ceiling, the temple symbolizes the heavenly sphere; and the word Pantheon in Greek means “all the gods”.

Address: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma RM, Italy

8. Castel Sant’Angelo

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Castel Sant’Angelo, also known as Hadrian’s Mausoleum, is a cylindrical fortress that lies on the banks of the Tiber River near Vatican City. Emperor Hadrian instructs the mausoleum as a resting place for himself and his family; and later the structure was used as a fortress and castle by the popes, due to its proximity to Vatican City. Between 123 – 139 AD at the time of its construction, it was the tallest building in Rome.

Address: Lungotevere Castello, 50, 00193 Roma RM, Italy




9. Maxxi

famous buildings in Rome, The most visited buildings in Rome, popular buildings in RomeIn 21st Century Arts, Zaha Hadid left her mark on Rome with her innovative MAXXI, the National Museum. Situated in Rome’s northern Flaminio neighborhood, its sharp angles and dynamic curves offer a contrast to Rome’s plethora of ancient structures. It was believed as an experimental space to showcase avant-garde art and innovative architecture through a permanent collection, rotating exhibits, and an invigorating calendar of events.

Address: Via Guido Reni, 4/a, 00196 Roma RM, Italy

10. Palazzo Della Civiltà Italiana

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Often referred to as the “Square Colosseum”, Rome’s Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana is an example of the rationalist architecture which dominated the city during Fascism. Built in the neoclassical style, it is situated in the city’s southern EUR neighborhood which was designed to host the 1942 World Fair. Since the event never took place but the building pays tribute to this period in the city’s history. Today the building is being rented by the Fendi fashion house.





Address: Quadrato Della Concordia, 3, 00144 Roma RM, Italy

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Here we have included the names of all the famous buildings in Rome, Along with their proper address, which will be beneficial for you to reach there easily. If you are planning your trip to Rome then kindly concerned with our other articles as well which let you know the best places to visit in Rome. hope you loved reading this article which provides your proper information regarding the famous ancient Roman buildings. Please put a like, comment and share as per your view.

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2 comments

  • Lovely facts me and my class are learning about Rome and it was very interesting to hear about all the fascinating buildings in Rome thankyou you have gave me lodes of education.
    I love reading about ancient facts so keep posting so I can keep reading and righting.

  • Well important facts you guys have really educated me I love reading and writing story’s so keep writing and I’ll leep reading

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